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ChineseEdit

 
direction; way; method; road; path; principle; truth; reason; skill; Tao (of Taoism); a measure word; to say; to speak; to talk
not; no pick up; ten (fraud-proof) to lose; to leave behind
trad. (道不拾遺)
simp. (道不拾遗)

PronunciationEdit



  • Middle Chinese: /dɑuX  pɨu|pɨuX|pɨut̚  d͡ʑiɪp̚  jiuɪ/
Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/3 2/3 3/3 1/1 1/2
Initial () (7) (1) (1) (1) (25) (36)
Final () (89) (136) (136) (60) (141) (16)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open Closed Open Closed
Division () I III III III III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/dɑuX/ /pɨu/ /pɨuX/ /pɨut̚/ /d͡ʑiɪp̚/ /jiuɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/dɑuX/ /piu/ /piuX/ /piut̚/ /d͡ʑip̚/ /jʷi/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɑuX/ /piəu/ /piəuX/ /piuət̚/ /d͡ʑjep̚/ /juɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dawX/ /puw/ /puwX/ /put̚/ /d͡ʑip̚/ /jwi/
Li
Rong
/dɑuX/ /piu/ /piuX/ /piuət̚/ /ʑiəp̚/ /ui/
Wang
Li
/dɑuX/ /pĭəu/ /pĭəuX/ /pĭuət̚/ /ʑĭĕp̚/ /jwi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱɑuX/ /pi̯ə̯u/ /pi̯ə̯uX/ /pi̯uət̚/ /ʑi̯əp̚/ /wi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dào fōu fǒu fu shí wéi
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/2 1/1 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dào shí
Middle
Chinese
‹ dawX › ‹ pjuw › ‹ dzyip › ‹ ywij ›
Old
Chinese
/*[kə.l]ˁuʔ/ /*pə/ /*[d][ə]p/ /*[ɢ](r)uj/
English way not pick up, gather leave; reject

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/3 2/3 3/3 1/1 1/2
No. 11669 1025 1029 1048 5001 4741
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0 0 1 3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'uːʔ/ /*pɯ/ /*pɯʔ/ /*pɯ'/ /*ɡjub/ /*lul/
Notes

IdiomEdit

道不拾遺

  1. Synonym of 路不拾遺路不拾遗 (lùbùshíyí, “no one pockets lost property on the road”).