U+5408, 合
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5408

[U+5407]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5409]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人一口 (OMR), four-corner 80601, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 174, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3287
  • Dae Jaweon: page 387, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 581, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5408

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰuːm
*quːm, *qromʔ, *qɯːm, *qramʔ, *qɯːb
*ɡuːmʔ, *kuːb
*tkuːb
*tkuːb
*tkuːb
*tuːb, *tʰoːb
*tuːb, *toːb
*tuːb
*tuːb, *tʰoːb
*tkuːb, *ɡuːb
*tkʰuːb, *kuːb, *quːb, *quːb
*kuːb
鴿 *kuːb
*kuːb, *ɡuːb
*kuːb, *ɡuːb
*kuːb, *kʰuːb
*kuːb
*kuːb
*kuːb, *kruːb
*kuːb, *kruːb
*kuːb
*ŋɡuːb
*quːb, *quːb
*qʰuːb, *qʰruːb
*ɡuːb
*ɡuːb
*ɡuːb
*tʰuːb
*tʰoːb
*rtuːb
*kruːb, *kob, *ɡob
*kruːb, *ŋkob
*kruːb
*kʰruːb
*kʰruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*qʰjob, *qʰrub
*tkʰub
*ɡjub
*krub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + (mouth) : Two mouths speaking together.

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ha̍h - vernacular;
  • ha̍p - literary.
Note:
  • hah8 - vernacular;
  • hab8 - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (33)
Final () (160)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦʌp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦəp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɒp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəp̚/
Li
Rong
/ɣᴀp̚/
Wang
Li
/ɣɒp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣăp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hop ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-kˤop/
English come together; bring together

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 4970
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡuːb/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to close; to shut
    •   ―  shàng  ―  close
  2. to join; to combine; to unite; to bring together
    • /   ―    ―  to assemble
    •   ―    ―  to gather, to assemble
  3. to suit; to fit
  4. to have sexual intercourse
  5. to fight, to have a confrontation with
  6. to be equivalent to, to add up
  7. spouse
  8. whole; entire
  9. together
  10. Alternative form of (, “box”).
  11. (games, battle) round
  12. (astronomy) conjunction
  13. Classifier for the number of fights.
  14. A surname​.

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note: literary reading.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (160)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʌp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kəp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɒp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəp̚/
Li
Rong
/kᴀp̚/
Wang
Li
/kɒp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kăp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ge
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kop ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤop/
English together; put together; combined

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 4955
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kuːb/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. One tenth of a (shēng); one decilitre.

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (music) Gongche notation of low sol (5̣).

Etymology 4Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. fit
  2. suit
  3. join
  4. 0.1

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

CounterEdit

‎(hiragana ごう, romaji -gō)

  1. covered containers
  2. battles

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ごう, romaji )

  1. 0.18039 liters, equaling ten shakus or a tenth of a shō
  2. a tenth of the distance from the base to the summit of a mountain

See alsoEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(hap, gap) (hangeul , , revised hap, gap, McCune-Reischauer hap, kap)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hợp, hiệp, cáp, cóp, góp, gộp, họp, hạp)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.