U+9192, 醒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9192

[U+9191]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9193]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 164 +9, 16 strokes, cangjie input 一田日竹一 (MWAHM), four-corner 16614)

  1. wake up
  2. sober up
  3. startle

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1285, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39936
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1785, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3590, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9192

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰlɯː
*sʰleːns
*sʰleːns, *ʔsreːŋ
*sʰleːns, *sʰleŋs
*sʰleːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sleːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ, *seːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋʔ
*sreŋs
*zreːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *ʔsleŋs
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *zleŋs, *zleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋʔ, *zleŋs, *zleŋ
*sʰleŋs
*zleŋs, *zleŋ
*zleŋs
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋʔ
*zleŋʔ
*seŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seŋʔ, *seːŋ
*sleŋs
*sleŋs
*l̥ʰeŋs
*ʔljeŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ, *sʰleːŋs
*sʰleːŋs
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • seng2 - vernacular ("to awaken");
  • sing2 - "clever" or literary ("to awaken");
  • sing1 - literary.
Note:
  • séng - literary;
  • chhíⁿ/chhéⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (16) (16) (16)
Final () (125) (125) (125)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () IV IV IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/seŋ/ /seŋX/ /seŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/seŋ/ /seŋX/ /seŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɛŋ/ /sɛŋX/ /sɛŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sɛjŋ/ /sɛjŋX/ /sɛjŋH/
Li
Rong
/seŋ/ /seŋX/ /seŋH/
Wang
Li
/sieŋ/ /sieŋX/ /sieŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sieŋ/ /sieŋX/ /sieŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xīng xǐng xìng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xǐng
Middle
Chinese
‹ sengX ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-tsʰˤeŋʔ/
English wake up

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 11377 11380 11382
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*seːŋ/ /*seːŋʔ/ /*seːŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to awaken; to wake up
  2. to be awake
  3. to decant (wine, etc.)
  4. (Cantonese) clever; intelligent; sharp
    醒目 (xǐngmù)

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 聰明 (“clever; intelligent; smart; bright”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 聰明伶俐聰敏聰穎
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 聰明機靈伶俐聰敏聰穎
Mandarin Beijing 聰明
Taiwan 聰明
Jinan 聰明
Xi'an 靈醒
Wuhan 聰明
Chengdu 精靈聰明
Yangzhou 聰明
Hefei 聰明
Cantonese Guangzhou 聰明醒目
Hong Kong 聰明醒目
Yangjiang 伶俐
Gan Nanchang 精靈聰明
Hakka Meixian 聰明機靈
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 聰明
Liudui (S. Sixian) 聰明
Hsinchu (Hailu) 聰明
Dongshi (Dabu) 聰明
Zhuolan (Raoping) 聰明
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 聰明
Jin Taiyuan 機靈聰明
Min Bei Jian'ou 聰明
Min Dong Fuzhou 聰明
Min Nan Xiamen 聰明
Quanzhou 聰明
Zhangzhou 聰明
Taipei 聰明明白
Chaozhou 聰明
Wu Suzhou 聰明
Wenzhou 聰明
Xiang Changsha 靈泛聰明
Shuangfeng 聰明

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. to wake up
  2. to become sober, to be disillusioned

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tỉnh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.