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U+9192, 醒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9192

[U+9191]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9193]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 164, +9, 16 strokes, cangjie input 一田日竹一 (MWAHM), four-corner 16614, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1285, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39936
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1785, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3590, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9192

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰlɯː
*sʰleːns
*sʰleːns, *ʔsreːŋ
*sʰleːns, *sʰleŋs
*sʰleːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sleːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ, *seːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋʔ
*sreŋs
*zreːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *ʔsleŋs
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *zleŋs, *zleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋʔ, *zleŋs, *zleŋ
*sʰleŋs
*zleŋs, *zleŋ
*zleŋs
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋʔ
*zleŋʔ
*seŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seŋʔ, *seːŋ
*sleŋs
*sleŋs
*l̥ʰeŋs
*ʔljeŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ, *sʰleːŋs
*sʰleːŋs
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *seːŋ, *seːŋʔ, *seːŋs): semantic  (alcohol) + phonetic  (OC *sleːŋ).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • seng2 - vernacular (“to awaken”);
  • sing2 - literary (including “clever”);
  • sing1 - literary, used only in poetry.
  • Hakka
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chhíⁿ/chhéⁿ - vernacular;
    • séng - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
    Initial () (16) (16) (16)
    Final () (125) (125) (125)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open Open
    Division () IV IV IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /seŋ/ /seŋX/ /seŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /seŋ/ /seŋX/ /seŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /sɛŋ/ /sɛŋX/ /sɛŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /sɛjŋ/ /sɛjŋX/ /sɛjŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /seŋ/ /seŋX/ /seŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /sieŋ/ /sieŋX/ /sieŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /sieŋ/ /sieŋX/ /sieŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xīng xǐng xìng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xǐng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sengX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s-tsʰˁeŋʔ/
    English wake up

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
    No. 11377 11380 11382
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*seːŋ/ /*seːŋʔ/ /*seːŋs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to sober up
    2. to awaken; to wake up
    3. to be awake
    4. to decant (wine, etc.)
    5. (Cantonese) clever; intelligent; sharp

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of 聰明 (“clever; intelligent; smart; bright”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese 聰明, 伶俐, 聰敏, 聰穎
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 聰明, 機靈, 伶俐, 聰敏, 聰穎, 聰慧
    Mandarin Beijing 聰明
    Taiwan 聰明
    Jinan 聰明
    Xi'an , 靈醒
    Wuhan 聰明
    Chengdu 精靈, 聰明
    Yangzhou 聰明
    Hefei 聰明
    Cantonese Guangzhou 聰明, , 醒目,
    Hong Kong 聰明, , 醒目,
    Yangjiang 伶俐,
    Gan Nanchang 精靈, 聰明
    Hakka Meixian 聰明, 機靈
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 聰明
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 聰明
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 聰明
    Dongshi (Dabu) 聰明,
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 聰明,
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 聰明
    Jin Taiyuan 機靈, 聰明
    Min Bei Jian'ou 聰明
    Min Dong Fuzhou 聰明
    Min Nan Xiamen 聰明
    Quanzhou 聰明, 骨鳥 derogatory
    Zhangzhou 聰明
    Taipei 聰明, , 明白
    Chaozhou 聰明
    Wu Suzhou 聰明
    Wenzhou , 聰明
    Xiang Changsha 靈泛, 聰明
    Shuangfeng 聰明

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. to wake up
    2. to become sober, to be disillusioned

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (tỉnh)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.