TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 164 +9, 16 strokes, cangjie input 一田日竹一 (MWAHM), four-corner 16614)

  1. wake up
  2. sober up
  3. startle

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1285, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39936
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1785, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3590, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9192

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (醒), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 青
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 桑經切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/seŋ/ /sieŋ/ /seŋ/ /seŋ/ /sɛjŋ/ /sieŋ/ /sɛŋ/
Character (醒), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 青
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 蘇挺切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/seŋX/ /sieŋX/ /seŋX/ /seŋX/ /sɛjŋX/ /sieŋX/ /sɛŋX/
Character (醒), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 青
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 蘇佞切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/seŋH/ /sieŋH/ /seŋH/ /seŋH/ /sɛjŋH/ /sieŋH/ /sɛŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xǐng ‹ sengX › /*s-tsʰˤeŋʔ/ wake up

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11377 0 /*seːŋ/
11380 0 /*seːŋʔ/
11382 0 /*seːŋs/

VerbEdit

  1. to awaken; to wake up

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. to wake up
  2. to become sober, to be disillusioned

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tỉnh)

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