en-verb (third-person singular simple present en-verbs, present participle en-verbing, simple past and past participle en-verbed)

Use this template to show the inflection line of an English verb.

This template shows the verb in bold (optionally linking its components) and its key inflections.

{{en-verb|...s|...ing|...d }}

This template contains the necessary meta-data to allow users who are using accelerated editing to create any grammatical forms semi-automatically.


Many verbs form the third-person singular by adding -s, the past by adding -ed, and the present participle by adding -ing. For such verbs, no parameters are necessary:


To specify -es for the present third-person singular form:


Verbs ending in -ee, -ie, or -ye add only -d for the past tense:


For verbs that add, drop, or replace final letters in the stem, specify the stem change:

{{en-verb|admir|ing}} (dropped the -e)
{{en-verb|bus|s|es}} (added an s)
{{en-verb|cr|i|ed}} (changed the -y to -i)
{{en-verb|t|y|ing}} (changed the -ie to -y)
{{en-verb|trek|k|ed}} (added a k)

Irregular verbs

For irregular (strong) verbs, specify the key forms (third-person present singular, the present participle, the simple past tense, and optionally the past participle):


Some irregular verbs are defective or have multiple forms for some inflections. Show missing or additional forms or notes for any inflection:


Other example, for blend:


There is a maximum of 5 variations for each of the following: third-person present singular, present participle, simple past tense, and past participle.

The parameters are as follows; there are no parameters for second person verb variations (as seen in archaic forms of have, do, and be):

  • For third-person present singular
    • 1 (pres_3sg)
    • pres_3sg_qual
    • pres_3sg2
    • pres_3sg2_qual
    • pres_3sg3
    • pres_3sg3_qual
    • pres_3sg4
    • pres_3sg4_qual
    • pres_3sg5
    • pres_3sg5_qual
  • For present participle
    • 2 (pres_ptc)
    • pres_ptc_qual
    • pres_ptc2
    • pres_ptc2_qual
    • pres_ptc3
    • pres_ptc3_qual
    • pres_ptc4
    • pres_ptc4_qual
    • pres_ptc5
    • pres_ptc5_qual
  • For simple past tense
    • 3 (past)
    • past_qual
    • past2
    • past2_qual
    • past3
    • past3_qual
    • past4
    • past4_qual
    • past5
    • past5_qual
  • For past participle
    • 4 (past_ptc)
    • past_ptc_qual
    • past_ptc2
    • past_ptc2_qual
    • past_ptc3
    • past_ptc3_qual
    • past_ptc4
    • past_ptc4_qual
    • past_ptc5
    • past_ptc5_qual

Temporary legacy support

Some verbs were written with a different order for the present participle and past past tense arguments. This template temporarily supports such order only if the first argument is the page name:





fuel (third-person singular simple present fuels, present participle fueling or fuelling, simple past and past participle fueled or fuelled)

See also