See also: τίς and -τις

Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit


From Proto-Indo-European *kʷis. Cognates include Latin quis and Hittite 𒆪𒅖 (kuiš). Compare its interrogative form τίς (tís, who?).




τῐς (tis) (with ἔγκλισις, moving back its accent)

  1. (indefinite, masculine/feminine) someone, anyone, a certain one
  2. (indefinite, in neuter) something, anything, a certain thing


See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit



Etymology 1Edit

From Byzantine Greek τὲς (tès) of the 11th century, through morphological levelling of the accusative and nominative plurals.


τις (tisf pl

  1. (definite) accusative feminine plural of ο (o) (the)
Related termsEdit


τις (tis) (weak personal pronoun)

  1. them (3rd person feminine plural, accusative; used before the verb)
Alternative formsEdit
  • τες (tes) (used after the verb)
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Monotonic spelling of Ancient Greek τίς (tís), interrogative pronoun (masculine, feminine) and τί () (neuter), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *kʷis. Compare to the indefinite pronoun τίς (tís, someone).


τις (tism (feminine τις, neuter τιinterrogative (Polytonic spelling: τίς)

  1. (archaic, formal, mostly in set phrases) who? (what? / which person or people?)
    τις πταίει; (τίς πταίει; polytonic spelling)
    tis ptaíei?
    who is at fault?
    τις ει; (τίς εἶ; − military, recognition)
    tis ei?
    who are you?
    τίνι τρόπω; (τίνι τρόπῳ;)
    tíni trópo?
    in what way?
    Τίνος είσαι συ; (stereotypical phrase associated with elderly Greeks in small villages and communities to those they don't recognise)
    Tínos eísai sy?
    Whose [child] are you?
Usage notesEdit
  • Of the ancient interrogative pronoun τίς (tís) the forms τίνος (tínos), plural τίνων (tínon) and the neuter τι (ti) are used in Standard Modern Greek as well. All other forms are archaic, used in quotations and set phrases.

As in the ancient inflection of τίς, here in monotonic spelling


Standard Modern Greek: