See also: MUR, múr, mùr, mûr, mür, and můr

AromanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Latin mūrus, from Old Latin *moerus, *moiros, from Proto-Indo-European *mey- (to strengthen).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mur m (plural muri)

  1. wall
    Synonyms: greb, stizmã

Related termsEdit

AsturianEdit

 
Asturian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ast

EtymologyEdit

From Latin mūrem, accusative singular of mus, from Proto-Indo-European *muh₂s.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mur m (plural mures)

  1. mouse

BretonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Breton mur, from Old Breton mur, from Proto-Brythonic *mʉr, from Latin mūrus.

NounEdit

mur f

  1. wall

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Old Catalan mur, from Latin mūrus, from Old Latin *moerus, *moiros, from Proto-Indo-European *mey- (to strengthen).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mur m (plural murs)

  1. wall

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

CimbrianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Probably ultimately from Latin morus; cf. Italian mora, moro.

NounEdit

mur f

  1. blackberry

ReferencesEdit

  • Umberto Patuzzi, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar, Luserna: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

DalmatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin mare, from Proto-Indo-European *móri.

NounEdit

mur

  1. sea

DanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈmuːˀr/, [ˈmuˀɐ̯], [ˈmuɐ̯ˀ]
  • Rhymes: -ur

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse múrr m, borrowed via Old English mūr or Old Saxon mūr from Latin mūrus. Compare also German Mauer f, Dutch muur m.

NounEdit

mur c (singular definite muren, plural indefinite mure)

  1. wall (defence structure)
  2. wall (a wall-like structure built by overlapping bricks or by stones)
  3. (soccer) wall
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

mur

  1. imperative of mure

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Middle French mur, from Old French mur, from Latin mūrus, from Old Latin *moerus, *moiros, from Proto-Italic *moiros, from Proto-Indo-European *mey- (to strengthen).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mur m (plural murs)

  1. wall

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

HausaEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Arabic مُرّ(murr).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mûr̃ m

  1. myrrh

IndonesianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch moer, a shortening of moerschroef, from moer (mother) +‎ schroef (bolt).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mur (first-person possessive murku, second-person possessive murmu, third-person possessive murnya)

  1. nut (fastener for a bolt)

IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

DeterminerEdit

mur

  1. Ulster form of bhur

LeoneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

mur m (plural mures)

  1. mouse

ReferencesEdit

LivonianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • mu'r (Courland)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *mureh. Cognate with Estonian mure, Finnish murhe.

NounEdit

mur

  1. grief
  2. sorrow

DeclensionEdit

LolopoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Loloish *mraŋ² (Bradley). Cognate with Sichuan Yi (mu), Burmese မြင်း (mrang:).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mur 

  1. (Yao'an) horse

LombardEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin mūrus, from Proto-Italic *moiros, from Proto-Indo-European *mey- (to strengthen).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈmyːr/ (Milanese)

NounEdit

mur m

  1. wall

Middle FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French mur, from Latin mūrus, from Old Latin *moerus, *moiros, from Proto-Italic *moiros, from Proto-Indo-European *mey- (to strengthen).

VerbEdit

mur m (plural murs)

  1. wall

DescendantsEdit

  • French: mur

ReferencesEdit

  • mur on Dictionnaire du Moyen Français (1330–1500) (in French)

Middle Low GermanEdit

NounEdit

mur or mür f

  1. Alternative form of mure.

NormanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French mur, from Latin mūrus, from Old Latin *moerus, *moiros, from Proto-Indo-European *mei (to fix, to build fortifications or fences).

NounEdit

mur m (plural murs)

  1. (Guernsey) wall

SynonymsEdit

Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse múrr, from Latin murus.

NounEdit

mur m (definite singular muren, indefinite plural murer, definite plural murene)

  1. a wall (a free-standing barrier, typically made of bricks, stone or concrete)
    En vegg av tre er mindre solid enn en mur av stein.
    A wall made of wood is less solid than a wall made of stone.

Usage notesEdit

Norwegian uses two different words for "wall". One, "mur", refers to independent outdoor structures used to fortify and delineate. The other, "vegg", is used to refer to the walls of a building, regardless of its location and material composition. Both are occasionally used metaphorically, "mur" more so. "Mur" can also refer to the type of material such walls are typically made of, hence the possible construction "murvegg", meaning the wall of a house composed of brick or concrete.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse múrr, from Latin murus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mur m (definite singular muren, indefinite plural murar, definite plural murane)

  1. a wall (of stone, concrete or similar material)
    Ein vegg av tre er mindre solid enn ein mur av stein.
    A wall made of wood is less solid than a wall made of stone.

Usage notesEdit

  • The words mur and vegg are both translated into English as wall. However, they are widely distinguished in the following manner: only mur is commonly used for freestanding walls. Only vegg is commonly used for the walls of a building, whether internal or external. Mur is restricted to stone or concrete walls, whereas vegg is used regardless of material. A wall made from brick or stone can be called a murvegg.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

OccitanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Occitan mur, from Latin mūrus, from Old Latin *moerus, *moiros, from Proto-Indo-European *mei (to fix, to build fortifications or fences).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mur m (plural murs)

  1. wall

Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin mūrum, accusative singular of mūrus, from Old Latin *moerus, *moiros, from Proto-Italic *moiros, from Proto-Indo-European *mei (to fix, to build fortifications or fences).

NounEdit

mur m (oblique plural murs, nominative singular murs, nominative plural mur)

  1. wall

DescendantsEdit

Old Galician-PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin mūrem, accusative singular of mus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mur m

  1. A mouse or rat

DescendantsEdit

  • Galician: murar
  • Portuguese: murar
    Trasmontano: muro (mouse)

Old SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin mūrem, accusative singular of mūs.

NounEdit

mur m

  1. mouse
    • 1251, anonymous, Calila e Dimna 14, (ed. by Juan Manuel Cacho Blecua, María Jesús Lacarra, Madrid: Castalia, 1993):
      Et alçó los ojos contra las dos ramas et vio estar en las raízes dellas dos mures, el uno blanco et el otro negro, royendo sienpre, que non quedavan.
      And he raised his eyes towards the two branches [he was hanging on from], and saw that at the roots there were two mice, one white and the other black, constantly gnawing to the point there hardly remained any roots anymore.

PiedmonteseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin mūrum, accusative singular of mūrus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mur m

  1. wall

Derived termsEdit

PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Middle High German mūr, mūre, from Old High German mûra, from Latin mūrus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mur m inan (diminutive murek)

  1. wall (defensive rampart)
    Synonym: wał
  2. wall (structure built for defense surrounding an area)
    Synonym: wał

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

particle

Related termsEdit

adjectives
nouns
verbs

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • mur in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • mur in Polish dictionaries at PWN

RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Inherited from Latin mōrus, from Ancient Greek μόρον (móron).

NounEdit

mur m (plural muri)

  1. blackberry bush
DeclensionEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Latin mūrus (19th century) [1]. Perhaps preserved as popular in its use as a rare regionalism from Maramureș and Ardeal.[2]

NounEdit

mur m (plural muri)

  1. (rare) wall
    Synonyms: perete, zid
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

Scottish GaelicEdit

ConjunctionEdit

mur

  1. Alternative form of mura

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Latin mūrem. Displaced by ratón, an augmentative form of rata (rat).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈmuɾ/ [ˈmuɾ]
  • Rhymes: -uɾ
  • Syllabification: mur

NounEdit

mur m (plural mures)

  1. (archaic) mouse
    Synonym: ratón

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

SumerianEdit

RomanizationEdit

mur

  1. Romanization of 𒄯 (mur)

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Swedish mur, from Latin murus, possibly through an intermediate like Middle Low German mûre.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mur c

  1. wall; defense structure
  2. A wall-like structure built of overlapping bricks or of stones
  3. (soccer) wall

DeclensionEdit

Declension of mur 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative mur muren murar murarna
Genitive murs murens murars murarnas

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit

TolaiEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronounEdit

mur

  1. Second-person dual pronoun: you two

DeclensionEdit


WelshEdit

 
mur

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Welsh mur, from Old Welsh mur, from Proto-Brythonic *mʉr, from Latin mūrus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mur m (plural muriau)

  1. wall

Usage notesEdit

The most commonly used word for wall in Welsh is wal. The word mur is used most often when referring to large walls such as the defensive walls of a city or Mur Mawr Tsieina (the Great Wall of China). It is also used in compound words, for example murlun, rhagfur, cellfur, briwydd y mur. The word pared refers to an internal partition wall whereas magwyr is a literary word for an external wall, little used now but preserved in such things as place and plant names.

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
mur fur unchanged unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.