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See also: Iris, IRIs, íris, Íris, and iris-

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English [Term?], from Latin īris, from Ancient Greek ἶρις (îris, rainbow), from Proto-Indo-European *wey-ro- (a twist, thread, cord, wire), from *weh₁y- (to turn, twist, weave, plait). Cognate to English wire.

You can help Wiktionary by providing a proper etymology.

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)
  • enPR: ī'rĭs, IPA(key): /ˈaɪɹɪs/
  • Rhymes: -aɪɹɪs

NounEdit

 
A plant of the genus, Iris.
 
Illustration showing parts of the human eye, including the iris.

iris (plural irises or iris or irides) (See Usage notes)

  1. (botany) A plant of the genus Iris, common in the northern hemisphere, and generally having attractive blooms (See   Iris (plant) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia ).
    • 1907, Robert William Chambers, chapter V, in The Younger Set, New York, N.Y.: D. Appleton & Company, OCLC 24962326:
      Breezes blowing from beds of iris quickened her breath with their perfume; she saw the tufted lilacs sway in the wind, and the streamers of mauve-tinted wistaria swinging, all a-glisten with golden bees; she saw a crimson cardinal winging through the foliage, and amorous tanagers flashing like scarlet flames athwart the pines.
  2. (anatomy) The contractile membrane perforated by the pupil, which adjusts to control the amount of light reaching the retina, and which forms the colored portion of the eye (See   Iris (anatomy) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia ).
  3. (photography, cinematography) A diaphragm used to regulate the size of a hole, especially as a way of controlling the amount of light reaching a lens.
  4. (poetic) A rainbow, or other colourful refraction of light.
  5. (electronics) A constricted opening in the path inside a waveguide, used to form a resonator.
  6. (zoology) The inner circle of an oscillated color spot.

Usage notesEdit

For the part of the eye, the usual medical plural is irides.
For the flower both iris and irises are in common use.

QuotationsEdit

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:iris.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

VerbEdit

iris (third-person singular simple present irises, present participle irising, simple past and past participle irised)

  1. (of an aperture, lens, or door) To open or close in the manner of an iris.

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin iris, from Ancient Greek ἶρις (îris).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

iris m (plural iris)

  1. iris (part of the eye)

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

iris c (plural irissen, diminutive irisje n)

  1. iris
    Synonym: regenboogvlies (anatomy)

EsperantoEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

iris

  1. past of iri

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin iris, Ancient Greek ἶρις (îris).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

iris m (plural iris)

  1. iris

Further readingEdit


IdoEdit

VerbEdit

iris

  1. past of irar

IndonesianEdit

NounEdit

iris (plural iris-iris, first-person possessive irisku, second-person possessive irismu, third-person possessive irisnya)

  1. slice

VerbEdit

mengiris

  1. to slice

IrishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish iris f (a thong or strap (from which a shield, bag, etc. is suspended)).

NounEdit

iris f (genitive singular irise, nominative plural irisí)

  1. strap, sling (for carrying)
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish ires, iress f (religion, creed, the (true) faith).

NounEdit

iris f (genitive singular irise)

  1. (literary) belief, faith, religion
DeclensionEdit
Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

You can help Wiktionary by providing a proper etymology.

NounEdit

iris f (genitive singular irise, nominative plural irisí)

  1. Alternative form of oireas
  2. magazine, journal
    Synonym: irisleabhar
  3. gazette
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

NounEdit

iris m

  1. genitive/vocative singular of ireas (iris)
  2. nominative/dative plural of ireas

PronunciationEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
iris n-iris hiris not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin iris, Ancient Greek ἶρις (îris).

NounEdit

iris m or f (invariable)

  1. iris (flower)
    Synonyms: giaggiolo, iride

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

NounEdit

īrīs

  1. dative/ablative plural of īra
  1. rainbow
    • Vulgate Bible, Douay-Rheims Version, Revelation 10:1
      et vidi alium angelum fortem descendentem de caelo amictum nube et iris in capite eius et facies eius erat ut sol et pedes eius tamquam columna ignis

Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no
 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Ancient Greek ἶρις (îris, rainbow).

NounEdit

iris m (definite singular irisen, indefinite plural iriser, definite plural irisene)

  1. (botany) an iris (flower)
  2. (anatomy) an iris (part of the eye)
    Synonym: regnbuehinne

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Ancient Greek ἶρις (îris, rainbow).

NounEdit

iris m (definite singular irisen, indefinite plural irisar, definite plural irisane)

  1. (botany) an iris (flower)
  2. (anatomy) an iris (part of the eye)
    Synonym: regnbogehinne

ReferencesEdit


PortugueseEdit

NounEdit

iris f (plural iris)

  1. Obsolete spelling of íris

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French iris, Latin iris, from Ancient Greek ἶρις (îris).

NounEdit

iris n (plural irisuri)

  1. (anatomy) iris (of the eye)

NounEdit

iris n (plural iriși)

  1. (botany) iris (flower)
    Synonyms: stânjenel, stânjen

Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

You can help Wiktionary by providing a proper etymology. Compare Irish iris.

NounEdit

iris f (genitive singular irise, plural irisean)

  1. magazine, periodical
    Synonym: ràitheachan

MutationEdit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
iris n-iris h-iris t-iris
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin iris, Ancient Greek ἶρις (îris).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

iris m (plural iris or iríses)

  1. (anatomy) iris

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit