See also: Tur, TUR, tür, Tür, tùr, túr, Túr, tűr, and tur.

TranslingualEdit

SymbolEdit

tur

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Turkish.

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Russian тур (tur). Doublet of steer and Taurus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tur (plural turs)

  1. Either of two species of wild goat native to Caucasus, West Caucasian tur Capra caucasica or East Caucasian tur Capra cylindricornis.
    • 2007, Michael Chabon, Gentlemen of the Road, Sceptre 2008, page 90:
      Then to Hanukkah's mild surprise a voice rose up and, with laconic precision, likened this rumored brother Alp to the secretion on the nether parts of a she-tur.

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

AnagramsEdit


BalineseEdit

RomanizationEdit

tur

  1. Romanization of ᬢᬸᬃ
  2. Romanization of ᬢᬹᬃ

CzechEdit

 
Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

EtymologyEdit

From Old Czech tur, from Proto-Slavic *tȗrъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *taurás, from Proto-Indo-European *táwros.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tur m anim

  1. bovine

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • tur in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • tur in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French tour (go, turn).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tur c (singular definite turen, plural indefinite ture)

  1. turn
    Det er din tur.
    It is your turn.
  2. (graph theory) trail
  3. walk, stroll
  4. outing, excursion
  5. trip, tour, flight
  6. ride, drive, run

InflectionEdit

Further readingEdit

VerbEdit

tur

  1. imperative of ture

IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish tur, from Proto-Indo-European *ters- (dry).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

tur (genitive singular feminine tuire, plural tura, comparative tuire)

  1. dry (of food)

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
tur thur dtur
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


LatvianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Traditionally, tur is derived from kur (where) by analogy with pairs like kas (who, what) : tas (that), (how) : (thus, like that). A more recent suggestion is that tur may come from Proto-Baltic *tur, from the zero grade *tr̥ of Proto-Indo-European *ter-, the source of several nouns, adverbs or prepositions meaning “through,” “across,” “away”: German durch (through) (compare Old High German duruh, from *tr̥-kʷe), Breton treu (beyond), dre (through) (*tre), Latin trāns (over, across, beyond). The meaning in Latvian would have been changed to “there” under the influence of kur.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs audio files. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

AdverbEdit

tur

  1. used to indicate an unnamed location relatively far from the speaker; there, in that place
    kas tur ir?who is there?
    tur augšāup there
    redzi, tur tā ir bumbiere!... bet tur - divas ābeles!look, there, that is a pear tree!... and there - two apple trees!
  2. used to refer back to a previously mentioned location, or to a place to be mentioned in a following subordinate clause; there
    mašīna iebrauca pagalmā un tur apstājāsthe car came into the courtyard and stopped there
    zēnam negribējās iet atpakaļ uz māju; tur tagad tumšs...the boy didn't want to go back to the house; there it was now dark...
    arī es esmu tur, kur stāvēja mājasI, too, am there, where the houses used to be
  3. used to refer to a situation, state, event, which is connected, often indirectly, to the speaker
    droši vien Toms arī labi pelna, bet viesnīcu dzīve un ceļojumi ir dārgi; tur maz kas var palikt pāri...Toms probably earns well (= enough money), but a life of hotels and trips is expensive; there only little (money) can be left...
    māt, neej tumsā, neej, māt! tur nav neviena paša klāt...mother, don't go in the dark, don't go, mother! there is nobody present there...
  4. used to indicate an unnamed location, relatively far from the speaker, as the target of motion; there, thither, to that place
    viņi gāja tur visi trīs, kā toreiz, šurpu uz ciemu nākotthey went there, all three of them, like that time, coming here to the village
    laiva peldēja nevis tur, kur es gribēju, uz augšu... bet slīdēja pa straumi lēni lejupthe ship did not go there, where I wanted, upstream... but slid slowly down the stream

ParticleEdit

tur

  1. used to reinforce the meaning of a word or utterance
    bet, vai par augstāko kungu skaitās Varšava vai Pēterburga... kāda gan tur atšķirība?but, if (we) count Warsaw or (St.) Petersburg as (our) supreme lord... what difference there (= does it make)?
    savādi ar tiem pieradumiem: rokas un kājas pašas kust, kur vienmēr kustējušas, ka tur vai pasaules galsstrage, those habits: the hands and legs move by themselves where they always moved, that there (= even if it is) the end of the world
SynonymsEdit
  • (of target of motion): turp
AntonymsEdit
  • (of place): šeit, te
  • (of situation, state, event): te
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See turēt

VerbEdit

tur

  1. 3rd person singular present indicative form of turēt
  2. 3rd person plural present indicative form of turēt
  3. (with the particle lai) 3rd person singular imperative form of turēt
  4. (with the particle lai) 3rd person plural imperative form of turēt

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “tur”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

Lower SorbianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *tȗrъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *taurás, from Proto-Indo-European *táwros.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tur m

  1. aurochs (Bos primigenius)

DeclensionEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French tour.

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

NounEdit

tur m (definite singular turen, indefinite plural turer, definite plural turene)

  1. a walk
  2. a trip, journey
  3. a tour
  4. a turn (in rotation)
    Det er din tur. - It's your turn.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French tour.

NounEdit

tur m (definite singular turen, indefinite plural turar, definite plural turane)

  1. a walk
  2. a trip, journey
  3. a tour
  4. a turn (in rotation)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin turris.

NounEdit

tur f (oblique plural turs, nominative singular tur, nominative plural turs)

  1. Alternative form of tor

OroqenEdit

NounEdit

tur

  1. land, earth

See alsoEdit


PapiamentuEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Portuguese tudo and Spanish todo and Kabuverdianu tudu.

AdverbEdit

tur

  1. all
  2. every

PronounEdit

tur

  1. everything

PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /tur/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ur
  • Syllabification: tur

Etymology 1Edit

Inherited from Old Polish tur, from Proto-Slavic *tȗrъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *taurás, from Proto-Indo-European *táwros.

NounEdit

tur m anim

  1. aurochs, urus (Bos primigenius)
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

NounEdit

tur f

  1. genitive plural of tura

Further readingEdit

  • tur in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • tur in Polish dictionaries at PWN

RomanianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from French tour.

NounEdit

tur n (plural tururi)

  1. tour
  2. round
  3. saunter
  4. stroll
DeclensionEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Unknown. Probably borrowed from Serbo-Croatian tur. Other less likely theories suggest a link with stur, or Latin thylacus, from Ancient Greek θύλακος (thúlakos).

NounEdit

tur n (plural tururi) tur m (plural turi)

  1. pants bottom
  2. lap
DeclensionEdit
See alsoEdit

RomanschEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (Sursilvan, Puter, Vallader) tuor
  • (Surmiran) tor

EtymologyEdit

From Latin turris, turrem, from Ancient Greek τύρρις (túrrhis), τύρσις (túrsis).

NounEdit

tur m (plural turs) (Rumantsch Grischun, Sutsilvan)

  1. tower
  2. (chess) rook

See alsoEdit

Chess pieces in Romansch · figuras da schah (layout · text)
           
retg dama tur currider chaval pur

Serbo-CroatianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *tȗrъ from Proto-Balto-Slavic *taurás, from Proto-Indo-European *táwros.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tȗr m (Cyrillic spelling ту̑р)

  1. aurochs, urus
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Ottoman Turkish اوتورمق(oturmak, to sit).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tȗr m (Cyrillic spelling ту̑р)

  1. buttocks
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • tur” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • tur” in Hrvatski jezični portal

SlovakEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *tȗrъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *taurás, from Proto-Indo-European *táwros.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tur m (genitive singular tura, nominative plural tury, genitive plural turov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. aurochs
  2. Bos

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • tur in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

SumerianEdit

RomanizationEdit

tur

  1. Romanization of 𒌉 (tur)

SundaneseEdit

ConjunctionEdit

tur

  1. and
  2. as well as
  3. furthermore
  4. while in fact

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French tour, used in Swedish since 1639 in the sense of a journey, since 1679 in the sense of a sequence of events (to take turns), since 1809 in the sense of luck (events that luckily go your way).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tur c

  1. a tour; a journey through a building, estate, country etc.
    John tog en tur med bilen för att titta på hela stan innan han bestämde sig för att bosätta sig i just den stadsdelen.
    John took a tour in the car to look at the whole city before he decided to settle in that particular neighborhood.
    1. a bus or train service on a specific line, which leaves at a specific time
      De drog in de två sista turerna på söndagskvällarna eftersom ändå ingen åkte med bussen vid den tiden.
      They canceled the last two journeys on Sunday afternoons, as nobody took the bus at that time anyway.
    2. a dance; an instance of dancing
      Vi tog två turer på dansgolvet innan vi gick hem.
      We danced two dances before we went home.
    3. a figure in a dance
      I square dance ropas turerna ut.
      In square dance, the figures are called.
  2. a turn; the chance to use an item shared in sequence with others
    Nu har du fått ha den jättelänge, så nu är det min tur.
    Now you've had it for a really long time, now it's my turn.
    Det är din tur.
    It's your move.
  3. (uncountable) luck
    Du måste ha väldig tur om du ska vinna lotterier.
    You've got to have a lot of luck if you're to win the lottery.

DeclensionEdit

Declension of tur 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative tur turen turer turerna
Genitive turs turens turers turernas

AntonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

journey
turn
luck

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


WolofEdit

NounEdit

tur

  1. full name
  2. reputation

ReferencesEdit

Omar Ka (2018) Nanu Dégg Wolof, National African Language Resource Center, →ISBN, page 256