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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin bis (twice).

PrefixEdit

Latin number prefix
Previous: uni-
Next: tri-

bi-

  1. two
  2. (chemistry, proscribed) half
  3. (before a vowel) bio-

Usage notesEdit

In an old, common method used to indicate the presence of an acidic hydrogen, sodium hydrogen sulfate is called "sodium bisulfate" and sodium hydrogen carbonate is called "sodium bicarbonate". This method is not recommended by IUPAC and does not denote a “doubling up” of a specific group, which is reserved for the Greek prefix di-, as in carbon dioxide (CO2).

The prefix bi in the older system comes from the observation that there is two times as much carbonate (CO3) in sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) and other bicarbonates as in sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) and other carbonates.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


AzeriEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Persian بی (bi).

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): [bi]

PrefixEdit

bi-

  1. (rarely productive) -less, un-, in-.
    Synonyms: -siz

Derived termsEdit



DanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From German bei- (by-).

PrefixEdit

bi-

  1. by-, side-
    Synonyms: side-

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin bis (twice).

PrefixEdit

bi-

  1. bi-
    Synonyms: di-, tve-, dobbelt-

See alsoEdit



FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin bis (twice).

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

bi-

  1. bi-

Derived termsEdit



GothicEdit

RomanizationEdit

bi-

  1. Romanization of 𐌱𐌹-

IdoEdit

PrefixEdit

bi-

  1. bi-

Derived termsEdit



IrishEdit

PrefixEdit

bi-

  1. Alternative form of bith-, used before a slender T.

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bi- bhi- mbi-
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin bis (twice).

PronunciationEdit

  • Rhymes: -i

PrefixEdit

bi-

  1. bi-
  2. di-

Derived termsEdit



LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

A shortened form of bis (twice), which drops its final s when when making compositions.

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

bi-

  1. having two parts
  2. occurring twice

Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit

  • bi- in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • bi-” on page 231/3 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)

NavajoEdit

PrefixEdit

bi-

  1. his, her, its, their

Usage notesEdit

This prefix often corresponds to an English possessive ’s appended to the preceding word. For example, Diné bizaad means literally “the People their-language”, equivalent to “the People’s language” (i.e., Navajo language).

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

PrefixEdit

bi-

  1. by-, by, side
  2. bi-

See alsoEdit


ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

PrefixEdit

bi-

  1. by-, by, side
  2. bi-

See alsoEdit


ReferencesEdit


Old EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From (by, near, around).

PrefixEdit

bī-

  1. prefix meaning near, around (compare Latin para-), occurring primarily in nouns
    bi- + ‎nama → ‎bīnama (pronoun)
    bi- + ‎word → ‎bīword (proverb, byword)

Derived termsEdit

  • bīgenga (inhabitant; observer; benefactor)
  • bīleofa (support, sustenance, nourishment, capital)
  • bīswæc (treachery)

DescendantsEdit


Old SaxonEdit

Etymology 1Edit

An unstressed form of , from Proto-Germanic *bi-.

PrefixEdit

bi-

  1. A productive prefix usually used to form verbs and adjectives, especially verbs with the sense “around, throughout” or makes transitive verbs from intransitive verbs, adjectives and nouns.
    bi- + ‎brekan → ‎bibrekan (to break)
    bi- + ‎brengian → ‎bibrengian (to accomplish)
    bi- + ‎dēlian → ‎bidēlian (to deprive)
    bi- + ‎delvan → ‎bidelvan (to bury)
    bi- + ‎dempian → ‎bidempian (to suffocate)
    bi- + ‎dernian → ‎bidernian (to conceal, to hide)
    bi- + ‎dōdian → ‎bidōdian (to kill)
    bi- + ‎driogan → ‎bidriogan (to deceive)
    bi- + ‎drōragon → ‎bidrōragon (to bleed to death)
    bi- + ‎dumbilian → ‎bidumbilian (to make a fool)
    bi- + ‎*dwellian → ‎bidwellian (to hinder)
    bi- + ‎fāhan → ‎bifāhan (to embrace, seize)
    bi- + ‎fallan → ‎bifallan (to befall)
    bi- + ‎felhan → ‎bifelhan (to recommend, give over, confide)
    bi- + ‎fellian → ‎bifellian (to throw down)
    bi- + ‎findan → ‎bifindan (to notice, find out)
    bi- + ‎gangan → ‎bigān, bigangan (to celebrate)
    bi- + ‎gehan → ‎bigehan (to dare, confess)

DescendantsEdit

Derived termsEdit


Etymology 2Edit

From (by, near, around).

PrefixEdit

bī-

  1. prefix meaning near, around (compare Latin para-), occurring primarily in nouns
    bi- + ‎word → ‎bīword (proverb, byword)
Derived termsEdit

PortugueseEdit

PrefixEdit

bi-

  1. bi- (two-)

Derived termsEdit



SpanishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin bis (twice).

PrefixEdit

bi-

  1. bi-

Derived termsEdit


SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

bi-

  1. by-, next to, near, by the side, aside; same as English by- and German bei-; see also the rare preposition bi
  2. bi-, two, dual; from Latin bis (twice)

Derived termsEdit