Cebuano

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Etymology

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Ultimately from Proto-Austronesian *-um-. See mo-.

Pronunciation

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Prefix

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mu- (perfect ming-, mi-, ni-)

  1. alternative form of mo-

See also

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Category Cebuano terms prefixed with mu- not found

Kamba

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Alternative forms

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Prefix

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mu-

  1. you plural (used for conjugating verbs to the subjective or nominative case of the personal pronoun)

Kambera

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Alternative forms

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Pronoun

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mu-

  1. second person singular nominative proclitic

See also

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Northern Ndebele

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Etymology

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From Proto-Bantu *mʊ̀-.

Prefix

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mu-

  1. him, her, it; class 1 object concord.

Usage notes

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The variant form m- is used before stems of more than one syllable.

Phuthi

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Bantu *jʊ̀-mʊ̀-.

Prefix

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mu-

  1. Class 1 noun prefix.

Etymology 2

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From Proto-Bantu *mʊ̀-.

Prefix

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mu-

  1. him, her, it; class 1 object concord.
  2. him, her, it; class 3 object concord.

Etymology 3

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From Proto-Bantu *gʊ́-mʊ̀-.

Prefix

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mu-

  1. Class 3 noun prefix.

Rwanda-Rundi

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Prefix

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mu-

  1. you, second-person plural subject concord.
  2. Augmentless form of umu- (class 1 or 3 noun prefix)
  3. class 1 or 3 concord prefix for adjectives

Alternative forms

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  • mw- (before a vowel)

Shona

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Bantu *jʊ̀-mʊ̀-.

Prefix

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mu-

  1. Class 1 noun prefix.

Etymology 2

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From Proto-Bantu *gʊ́-mʊ̀-.

Prefix

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mu-

  1. Class 3 noun prefix.

Southern Ndebele

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Etymology

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From Proto-Bantu *mʊ̀-.

Prefix

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mu-

  1. him, her, it; class 1 object concord.

Usage notes

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The variant form m- is used before stems of more than one syllable.

Southern Pomo

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Alternative forms

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Prefix

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mu-

  1. heat, fire, emotion
  2. relating to a short object in the air

Usage notes

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This prefix is used with verbs only.

Swahili

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Alternative forms

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  • m- (before consonants)
  • mw- (before vowels)

Etymology 1

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From Proto-Bantu *mʊ̀-.

Prefix

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mu- (plural wa-)

  1. m class(I) noun prefix and adjective agreement prefix used before /u/ and /w/
    mu- + ‎-ua (to kill) + ‎-ji (nominalizing suffix) → ‎muuaji (killer)

Etymology 2

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From Proto-Bantu *mʊ̀-.

Prefix

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mu- (plural mi-)

  1. m class(III) noun prefix and adjective agreement prefix used before /u/, /w/, and occasionally /h/
    muhindimaize plant
    mu- + ‎-ungana (to join together) + ‎-o (nominalizing suffix) → ‎muungano (union)

See also

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Etymology 3

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From Proto-Bantu *mʊ̀-.

Prefix

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mu-

  1. you, 2nd person plural subject concord used before /u/ and /w/
    Antonym: hamu-
  2. verb-initial form of -mu- (her, him; 3rd person singular (m class(I)) object concord used before /u/ and /w/)
See also
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Etymology 4

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From Proto-Bantu *mʊ́-.

Prefix

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mu-

  1. therein, mu class(XVIII) subject concord used before /u/ and /w/
    Antonym: hamu-
See also
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Swazi

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Etymology

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From Proto-Bantu *mʊ̀-.

Prefix

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mu-

  1. him, her, it; class 1 object concord.

Usage notes

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The variant form m- is used before stems of more than one syllable.

Tooro

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Alternative forms

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  • (before vowels) mw-

Etymology

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From Proto-Bantu *mʊ̀-.

Pronunciation

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Prefix

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mu-

  1. you, you all; 2nd person plural subject concord
    mu- + ‎-kora (to do) → ‎mukora (you all do)

See also

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References

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  • Kaji, Shigeki (2007) A Rutooro Vocabulary[1], Tokyo: Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA), →ISBN, page 413

Tsonga

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Bantu *jʊ̀-mʊ̀-.

Prefix

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mu-

  1. Class 1 noun prefix.

Etymology 2

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From Proto-Bantu *gʊ́-mʊ̀-.

Alternative forms

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Prefix

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mu-

  1. Class 3 noun prefix.

Venda

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Bantu *jʊ̀-mʊ̀-.

Prefix

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mu-

  1. Class 1 noun prefix.

Etymology 2

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From Proto-Bantu *gʊ́-mʊ̀-.

Prefix

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mu-

  1. Class 3 noun prefix.

Zulu

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Bantu *mʊ̀-.

Prefix

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mu-

  1. Class 1 simple noun prefix.
Usage notes
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The variant form m- is used before stems of more than one syllable.

Etymology 2

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From Proto-Bantu *mʊ̀-.

Prefix

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mú-

  1. him, her, it; class 1 object concord.
Usage notes
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The variant form m- is used before stems of more than one syllable.

Etymology 3

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From Proto-Bantu *mʊ̀-.

Prefix

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mu-

  1. Class 3 simple noun prefix.
Usage notes
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The variant form m- is used before stems of more than one syllable.

References

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