Last modified on 30 March 2015, at 20:58

死人

ChineseEdit

 
to die; inpassable; uncrossable; inflexible; rigid
man; person; people
simp. and trad.
(死人)

EtymologyEdit

From  ("to die; dead; death") +  ("person").

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

死人

  1. dead person
  2. corpse
  3. (colloquial, often jocular) an unpleasant person, bastard, son of a bitch

SynonymsEdit

VerbEdit

死人

  1. (of a person) to die
  2. (usually in exaggerations) to make people die, to be dangerous

AdjectiveEdit

死人

  1. (Cantonese) damn; wretched; stupid

SynonymsEdit

AdverbEdit

死人

  1. (analysable as ("intensifying adverb") + ("person")) to be ... enough to make people die, an intensifying suffix; an augmented form of "adj. + 人" phrases (usually expressing frustration, discomfort, surprise)

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
にん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 死人 (sijX nyin, literally die, death + person).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

死人 (hiragana しにん, romaji shinin)

  1. a dead person, the dead
    (2003) Hellsing vol. 6, chapter 40 最終的な想像 5 (Final Fantasy 5), page 59
    死人 (しにん) (しゃべ)るな!
    Shinin ga shaberu na!
    The dead don't speak!
SynonymsEdit
IdiomsEdit
Coordinate termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
ひと > びと
Grade: 1
jūbakoyomi

Compound of (shi, death, dead) +‎ (hito, person).[2][1] The hito changes to bito due to rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

死人 (hiragana しびと, romaji shibito)

  1. (rare) a dead person, the dead
Usage notesEdit

The shinin reading is more common in modern Japanese when this term is used in isolation. The shibito reading is common in certain derived compounds.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
しに
Grade: 3
ひと > びと
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Compound of 死に (shini, dying, death) +‎ (hito, person).[2][1] The hito changes to bito due to rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

死人 (hiragana しにびと, romaji shinibito)

  1. (obsolete) a dead person, the dead
Usage notesEdit

The shinin reading is more common in modern Japanese.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan