Last modified on 2 October 2014, at 20:38

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 50 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 火月口中月 (FBRLB), four-corner 90227, composition ⿱⿱)

  1. common, normal, frequent, regular, often
  2. a Chinese surname

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 333, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8955
  • Dae Jaweon: page 639, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 744, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5E38

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (常), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 市羊切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑɨɐŋ/ /ʑi̯aŋ/ /ʑiaŋ/ /d͡ʑiɐŋ/ /d͡ʑɨaŋ/ /ʑĭaŋ/ /d͡ʑiɑŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
cháng ‹ dzyang › /*[d]aŋ/ constant

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11152 0 /*djaŋ/

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

EtymologyEdit

tokotopa → tokotoɸa → tokotowa.

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana とこ, romaji toko)

  1. eternal
Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana とことわ, romaji tokotowa, historical hiragana とことは)

  1. permanence

NounEdit

(hiragana とことば, romaji tokotoba)

  1. permanence

NounEdit

(hiragana つね, romaji tsune)

  1. always
Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana きた, romaji kita)

  1. a unit used to measure the length of cloth
  2. a unit for measuring the area of a field

NounEdit

(hiragana きだ, romaji kida)

  1. a unit used to measure the length of cloth
  2. a unit for measuring the area of a field
CompoundsEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sang) (hangeul , revised sang, McCune-Reischauer sang)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thường, sàn)

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