Ancient Greek edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From ἐν- (en-, there) +‎ -θα (-tha, towards). Cognate with Tocharian B entwe (then, thereupon).

The regular medial destination demonstrative reflex is ἐνταῦθα (entaûtha). Alternatively, this is the regular reflex and the other term's τοῦ (toû) is an extension. The distal place one is ἐκεῖ (ekeî), and the relative place one is οὗ (hoû).

Pronunciation edit


Adverb edit

ἔνθᾰ (éntha)

  1. (demonstrative) there, thither (location or movement)
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 14.231:
      ἔνθ’ Ὕπνῳ ξύμβλητο κασιγνήτῳ Θανάτοιο
      énth’ Húpnōi xúmblēto kasignḗtōi Thanátoio
      There she met Sleep, the brother of Death.
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 13.23:
      ἔνθ’ ἐλθὼν ὑπ’ ὄχεσφι τιτύσκετο χαλκόποδ’ ἵππω
      énth’ elthṑn hup’ ókhesphi titúsketo khalkópod’ híppō
      Thither came he, and let harness beneath his car his two bronze hooved horses
  2. (demonstrative) thereupon, then
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 5.1:
      ἔνθ’ αὖ Τυδεΐδῃ Διομήδεϊ Παλλὰς Ἀθήνη δῶκε μένος καὶ θάρσος
      énth’ aû Tudeḯdēi Diomḗdeï Pallàs Athḗnē dôke ménos kaì thársos
      And then to Tydeus' son, Diomedes, Pallas Athene gave might and courage.
  3. (relative) where, whither (location or movement)
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 1.610:
      Ζεὺς δὲ πρὸς ὃν λέχος ἤϊ’ [...], ἔνθα πάρος κοιμᾶθ’ ὅτε μιν γλυκὺς ὕπνος ἱκάνοι:
      Zeùs dè pròs hòn lékhos ḗï’ [...], éntha páros koimâth’ hóte min glukùs húpnos hikánoi:
      And Zeus [...] went to his couch, where of old he took his rest, whenever sweet sleep came upon him.
  4. (relative) when
    • 430 BCE – 354 BCE, Xenophon, Cyropaedia 7.4.15:
      μάλα ἔστιν ἔνθα ἰσχυρῶς ὠφελοῦσι σφενδονῆται παρόντες
      mála éstin éntha iskhurôs ōpheloûsi sphendonêtai paróntes
      there are occasions when the presents of slingers is of very effective assistance

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • ἔνθα”, in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ἔνθα”, in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ἔνθα”, in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • ἔνθα in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • ἔνθα in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • ἔνθα in the Diccionario Griego–Español en línea (2006–2024)
  • ἔνθα”, in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.