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Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit


Adverb from οὗτος (hoûtos, this) +‎ -ως (-ōs, adverbial ending).




οὕτως (hoútōs) (demonstrative adverb)

  1. in this manner, thus, so
    1. even so, just so
    2. (with imperative, added emphasis)
    3. (the introduction of the apodosis after a protasis)
  2. (in a really inferential sense) so, therefore
  3. (with an adjective or adverb) so, so much, so excessively
  4. (sometimes used like αὔτως (aútōs)) so, merely, simply

Usage notesEdit

οὕτω (hoútō) is only used before a consonant, while οὕτως (hoútōs) must be used before a vowel and can be used before a consonant. οὑτωσῑ́ (houtōsī́) is a strengthened form found in Attic. οὕτως (hoútōs) is often left out after ὡς (hōs). οὕτως (hoútōs) generally comes immediately before the word it modifies, but is sometimes after, especially in poetry, and is sometimes not immediately before. The last syllable in οὕτω (hoútō) is sometimes shortened in Homer before a vowel (correption).

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit