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Ancient GreekEdit

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From Proto-Hellenic *áľľos, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂élyos. Cognates include Latin alius, Old Irish aile, Old Armenian այլ (ayl), Old English elles (English else).




ἄλλος (állosm (feminine ἄλλη, neuter ἄλλο); first/second declension

  1. other, another, different, else
    1. (with article) all others, all besides, the rest
    2. (with numerals) yet, still
    3. (in lists) as well, besides, too
    4. equivalent to ἀλλοῖος (alloîos) of another sort than (with genitive)
  2. (in phrases)
    1. in combination with τις (tis) any other; anyone else, anything else
    2. in the phrase ἄλλος τε καὶ (állos te kaì) especially, most of all
    3. in the phrase εἴ τις καὶ ἄλλος (eí tis kaì állos) or εἴ τι καὶ ἄλλο (eí ti kaì állo) if anyone, whoever else; if anything, whatever else
      • 430 BCE – 354 BCE, Xenophon, Anabasis 1.5.1:
        ἐν τούτῳ δὲ τῷ τόπῳ ἦν μὲν ἡ γῆ πεδίον ἅπαν ὁμαλὲς ὥσπερ θάλαττα, ἀψινθίου δὲ πλῆρες· εἰ δέ τι καὶ ἄλλο ἐνῆν ὕλης ἢ καλάμου, ἅπαντα ἦσαν εὐώδη ὥσπερ ἀρώματα.
        en toútōi dè tôi tópōi ên mèn hē gê pedíon hápan homalès hṓsper thálatta, apsinthíou dè plêres; eiti kaì állo enên húlēs ḕ kalámou, hápanta êsan euṓdē hṓsper arṓmata.
        In this region the ground was all a plain, flat like the sea, and full of wormwood. And whatever other brush or reed was there, everything was fragrant like spices.


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