See also: άλλος, allos, and ällös

Ancient Greek edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Hellenic *áľľos, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂élyos. Cognates include Latin alius, Old Irish aile, Old Armenian այլ (ayl), Old English elles (English else), Albanian lloj (sort, kind).

Pronunciation edit


Adjective edit

ἄλλος (állosm (feminine ἄλλη, neuter ἄλλο); first/second declension

  1. other, another, different, else
    1. (with article) the other, all others, all besides, the rest
      • 2022 May 18, Seumas Macdonald, chapter 4, in Linguae Graecae Per Se Illustrata[1]:
        ἀλλὰ δὲ ποῦ ἐστιν ὁ ἀμφορεὺς ὁ ἄλλος. ἕνδεκα πάρεισιν, εἷς ἄπεστιν. ἆρα σὺ οἶδας.
        allà dè poû estin ho amphoreùs ho állos. héndeka páreisin, heîs ápestin. âra sù oîdas.
        But where is the other amphora? Eleven are present; one is absent. Do you know?
    2. (with numerals) yet, still
    3. (in lists) as well, besides, too
    4. equivalent to ἀλλοῖος (alloîos) of another sort than (with genitive)
  2. (in phrases)
    1. in combination with τις (tis) any other; anyone else, anything else
    2. in the phrase ἄλλος τε καὶ (állos te kaì) especially, most of all
    3. in the phrase εἴ τις καὶ ἄλλος (eí tis kaì állos) or εἴ τι καὶ ἄλλο (eí ti kaì állo) if anyone, whoever else; if anything, whatever else
      • 430 BCE – 354 BCE, Xenophon, Anabasis 1.5.1:
        ἐν τούτῳ δὲ τῷ τόπῳ ἦν μὲν ἡ γῆ πεδίον ἅπαν ὁμαλὲς ὥσπερ θάλαττα, ἀψινθίου δὲ πλῆρες· εἰ δέ τι καὶ ἄλλο ἐνῆν ὕλης ἢ καλάμου, ἅπαντα ἦσαν εὐώδη ὥσπερ ἀρώματα.
        en toútōi dè tôi tópōi ên mèn hē gê pedíon hápan homalès hṓsper thálatta, apsinthíou dè plêres; eiti kaì állo enên húlēs ḕ kalámou, hápanta êsan euṓdē hṓsper arṓmata.
        In this region the ground was all a plain, flat like the sea, and full of wormwood. And whatever other brush or reed was there, everything was fragrant like spices.

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Panayotou, A. “Arcado-Cypriot.” In A History of Ancient Greek from the Beginnings to Late Antiquity, translated by Chris Markham, 417–432. 420.