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See also: τις and -τις

Contents

Ancient GreekEdit

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (file)

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *kʷis. Cognates include Latin quis and Hittite [script needed] (kuiš). Compare its indefinite form τις (tis, anyone, anything).

In Attic, the labiovelar *kʷ- becomes τ- before the front vowel ι and by analogy also before ου, ῳ in the genitive and dative singular, but π- before the rounded back vowel ο in most of the related interrogatives listed below.

Alternative formsEdit

PronounEdit

τῐ́ς (tís)

  1. (substantive)
    1. (masculine, feminine) who?
    2. (neuter) what?
  2. (adjective) what? which? what kind?
Usage notesEdit
  • The neuter nominative/accusative τί () is never elided, but a hiatus is allowed in Attic Greek.
  • The stem iota remains short in every declined form.
InflectionEdit
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See τις (tis).

PronounEdit

τίς (tís)

  1. oxytone form of τις (tis, someone, anyone)
Usage notesEdit

Used before another enclitic:

  • 386 BCE – 367 BCE, Plato, Meno 70b:
    καὶ δὴ καὶ τοῦτο τὸ ἔθος [Γοργίας] ὑ̄μᾶς εἴθικεν, ἀφόβως τε καὶ μεγαλοπρεπῶς ἀποκρί̄νεσθαι ἐά̄ν τίς τι ἔρηται.
    kaì dḕ kaì toûto tò éthos [Gorgías] hūmâs eíthiken, aphóbōs te kaì megaloprepôs apokrí̄nesthai eá̄n tís ti érētai.
    And furthermore, [Gorgias] has also accustomed you to the habit of answering fearlessly and magnificently if someone asks you something.

Further readingEdit