Ancient GreekEdit



Etymology 1Edit

PIE word

Accusative () apparently from Proto-Hellenic *hwe = ϝέ, from Proto-Indo-European *swé (reflexive pronoun).

Alternative formsEdit


οὗ (hoû)

  1. of him, her, it
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 15.165:
      ... ἐπεί ἑό [or εὑ] φημι βίῃ πολὺ φέρτερος εἶναι
      καὶ γενεῇ πρότερος
      ... epeí heó [or heu] phēmi bíēi polù phérteros eînai
      kaì geneêi próteros
      For I avow to be far better than him in might,
      and the elder in birth.
Usage notesEdit

For dual and plural forms, see σφωέ (sphōé) and σφεῖς (spheîs).

Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
  • ὅς (hós), ἑός (heós, third singular possessive adjective)


  • Tsakonian: νι, σι


  • οὗ, οἷ, ἕ in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Smyth, Herbert Weir (1920), “Part II: Inflection”, in A Greek grammar for colleges, Cambridge: American Book Company, § 325
  • Carl Darling Buck, Introduction to the Study of the Greek Dialects, section 118
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 365

Etymology 2Edit

See ὅς (hós).


οὗ (hoû)

  1. masculine genitive singular of ὅς (hós)
  2. neuter genitive singular of ὅς (hós)


οὗ (hoû) (relative adverb)

  1. where, when
    • 525 BCE – 455 BCE, Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound 486:
      οὗ Σπερχειὸς ἄρδει πεδίον εὐμενεῖ ποτῷ
      hoû Sperkheiòs árdei pedíon eumeneî potôi
      where the Sphercheus waters the plain with kindly stream
See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From ὅς (hós, his).


οὗ (hoû)

  1. masculine genitive singular of ὅς (hós)
  2. neuter genitive singular of ὅς (hós)

Etymology 4Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.


οὗ (hoû)

  1. second-person singular aorist middle imperative of ἵημι (híēmi)