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Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit


From ὅς (hós, who, which) + πῶς (pôs, how).




ὅπως (hópōs) (interrogative or relative adverb)

  1. (relative to ὥς (hṓs) or οὕτως (hoútōs)) in such a manner, as
    1. (with the ordinary regimen of the relative adverb)
      1. (with indicative)
      2. (with the future indicative) in what manner, how
    2. (with ἄν (án) and subjective in indefinite sentences) in whatever way, just as, however
      1. (with optative after historical tenses)
    3. (οὐκ ἔστιν) there is no way in which, it cannot be that
    4. (in Attic poets, like ὡς (hōs) in comparisons)
    5. (also like ὡς (hōs) or ὅτι (hóti), with superlative of adverbs)
    6. (with a genitive added)
    7. (of time) when
  2. (used to introduce the statement of a fact)
    1. (οὐχ ὅπως...ἀλλά) is not only not..but..
      1. (rare, following another clause)
  3. (in indirect questions) how, in what way or manner
    1. (with indicative)
      1. (of past tenses)
      2. (future)
    2. (with subjunctive)
    3. (with optative)
    4. (with optative and ἄν (án), expressing a wich)
    5. (ὅπως ἄν with the subjunctive makes the manner or purpose indefinite)
    6. (Xenophon occasionally uses ὅπως somewhat like ὥστε (hṓste), with infinitive)
    7. (after verbs of fear and cuation)
      1. (with future indicative)
      2. (with aorist subjunctive)
      3. (with optative representing subjunctive after an historical tense)
    8. (this construction is most frequent in an imperative and prohibitive, in the original construction some verb implying caution or circumspection precedes)
      1. (with future indicative)
      2. (aorist subjunctive)
    9. (used as the echo to a preceding πῶς (pôs))
    10. (with a genitive of manner)

See alsoEdit


ὅπως (hópōs)

  1. that, in order that
    1. (with subjunctive)
      1. (after principal tenses, or after subjunctive or imperative)
      2. (after historical tenses, when there is no perfect form, or when the aorist represents the perfect)
    2. (with optative after historical tenses)
    3. (with indicative)
      1. (of historical tenses, to express a consequence which has not followed, or cannot follow)
      2. (of future)
  2. (used of will and endeavour, instead of the infinitive)

Further readingEdit