ἕως

See also: έως and Ἕως

Ancient GreekEdit

PronunciationEdit

 

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

ἕως (héōsf (genitive ἕω); second declension

  1. Attic form of ἠώς (ēṓs)
    • 430 BCE – 354 BCE, Xenophon, Anabasis 1.7.1:
      ἐδόκει γὰρ εἰς τὴν ἐπιοῦσαν ἕω ἥξειν βασιλέα σὺν τῷ στρατεύματι μαχούμενον
      edókei gàr eis tḕn epioûsan héō hḗxein basiléa sùn tôi strateúmati makhoúmenon
      For he thought that the king would come with his army the next morning to fight.
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *yeh₂wot. Cognates include Sanskrit यावत् (yāvat).

Alternative formsEdit

ParticleEdit

ἕως (héōs)

ConjunctionEdit

ἕως (héōs)

  1. (relative particle, used to express the point of time up to which an action goes)
    1. until, till
      1. (as a temporal conjunction)
        1. (with indicative) of a fact in past time
        2. (with subjunctive, relating to an uncertain event in the future)
        3. (with optative, relating to an uncertain event in the past)
        4. (with infinitive, only in late authors)
      2. (with single words, mostly of adverbs of time)
        1. (with a preposition)
    2. (mostly at the beginning of a verse in Homer) while, as long as
      1. (in Attic, with subjunctive)
      2. (with optative, in case of repeated action)

AdverbEdit

ἕως (héōs) (Epic)

  1. for a time, like τέως (téōs)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit