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See also: έως and Ἕως


Ancient GreekEdit



Etymology 1Edit


ἕως (héōsf (genitive ἑοῦς); third declension

  1. Attic form of ἠώς (ēṓs)
    • 430 BCE – 354 BCE, Xenophon, Anabasis 1.7.1
      ἐδόκει γὰρ εἰς τὴν ἐπιοῦσαν ἕω ἥξειν βασιλέα σὺν τῷ στρατεύματι μαχούμενον
      edókei gàr eis tḕn epioûsan héō hḗxein basiléa sùn tôi strateúmati makhoúmenon
      For he thought that the king would come with his army the next morning to fight.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *yeh₂wot. Cognates include Sanskrit यावत् (yāvat).

Alternative formsEdit


ἕως (héōs)


ἕως (héōs)

  1. (relative particle, used to express the point of time up to which an action goes)
    1. until, till
      1. (as a temporal conjunction)
        1. (with indicative) of a fact in past time
        2. (with subjunctive, relating to an uncertain event in the future)
        3. (with optative, relating to an uncertain event in the past)
        4. (with infinitive, only in late authors)
      2. (with single words, mostly of adverbs of time)
        1. (with a preposition)
    2. (mostly at the beginning of a verse in Homer) while, as long as
      1. (in Attic, with subjunctive)
      2. (with optative, in case of repeated action)


ἕως (héōs) (Epic)

  1. for a time, like τέως (téōs)


  • ἕως in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ἕως in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ἕως in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • ἕως in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • ἕως in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • G2193 in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible, 1979
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill