Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
仍-order.gif

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 人弓竹尸 (ONHS), four-corner 27227, composition)

  1. yet, still, as ever
  2. again
  3. keep -ing, continuing

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 92, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 361
  • Dae Jaweon: page 194, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 110, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4ECD

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
仍-seal.svg



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐəŋ³⁵/
Harbin /ʐəŋ⁴⁴/
/ʐəŋ²¹³/
Tianjin /iŋ⁴⁵/
/ʐəŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʐəŋ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /ləŋ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʐəŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /ʐəŋ²⁴/
Xining /ʐə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʐəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /və̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʐɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /nən²¹³/
Chengdu /zən³¹/
Guiyang /zen²¹/
Kunming /ʐə̃³¹/
Nanjing /ʐən²⁴/
/ʐən²¹²/
Hefei /ʐən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /zəŋ⁵³/
Pingyao
Hohhot /ʐə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /zeŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /iʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ʐən¹³/
Xiangtan /in¹²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /in¹¹/
Taoyuan /in¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jeŋ²¹/
Nanning /jeŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /jiŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /zoŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zeŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (38)
Final () (133)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵɨŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵɨŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑieŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵiŋ/
Li
Rong
/ȵiəŋ/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭəŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯əŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
réng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
réng
Middle
Chinese
‹ nying ›
Old
Chinese
/*nəŋ/
English repeat

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9342
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njɯŋ/

AdverbEdit

  1. still; yet

VerbEdit

  1. to remain

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ing) (hangeul , revised ing, McCune-Reischauer ing)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nhưng, nhăng, nhang, những, dưng, dừng, nhẳng, nhùng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit

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