Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
仍-order.gif

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 人弓竹尸 (ONHS), four-corner 27227, composition)

  1. yet, still, as ever
  2. again
  3. keep -ing, continuing

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 92, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 361
  • Dae Jaweon: page 194, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 110, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4ECD

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
仍-seal.svg

PronunciationEdit

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐəŋ³⁵/
Harbin /ʐəŋ⁴⁴/
/ʐəŋ²¹³/
Tianjin /iŋ⁴⁵/
/ʐəŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʐəŋ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /ləŋ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʐəŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /ʐəŋ²⁴/
Xining /ʐə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʐəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /və̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʐɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /nən²¹³/
Chengdu /zən³¹/
Guiyang /zen²¹/
Kunming /ʐə̃³¹/
Nanjing /ʐən²⁴/
/ʐən²¹²/
Hefei /ʐən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /zəŋ⁵³/
Pingyao
Hohhot /ʐə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ¹³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /zeŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /iʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ʐən¹³/
Xiangtan /in¹²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /in¹¹/
Taoyuan /in¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jeŋ²¹/
Nanning /jeŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /jiŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /zoŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zeŋ³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (38)
Final: (133)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: réng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵɨŋ/ /ȵɨŋ/ /ȵʑieŋ/ /ȵiŋ/ /ȵiəŋ/ /ȵʑĭəŋ/ /ȵʑi̯əŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
réng ‹ nying › /*nəŋ/ repeat

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9342 0 /*njɯŋ/

AdverbEdit

  1. still; yet

VerbEdit

  1. to remain

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ing) (hangeul , revised ing, McCune-Reischauer ing)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nhưng, nhăng, nhang, những, dưng, dừng, nhẳng, nhùng)

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ReferencesEdit

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