Open main menu

Wiktionary β

U+4E9B, 些
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E9B

[U+4E9A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E9C]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 7, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 卜心一一 (YPMM), four-corner 21101, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 87, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 268
  • Dae Jaweon: page 183, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1441, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+4E9B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*saːls, *sjaːl, *seːs
*ʔsreːʔ, *ʔseʔ, *sʰeʔ, *ʔsreʔ
*zreː
*zreː
*zreː, *ʔseʔ, *ze
*zreːs
*zraːds
*zraːds, *slɯːɡ
*ʔseː, *zeːʔ, *ʔseʔ
*sʰeːʔ, *sʰeʔ
*sʰeːʔ, *sʰeʔ, *ze
*sʰeːʔ
*zeːʔ, *ʔse
*zeːs, *zes
*ʔse
*ʔse
*ʔse
*ʔse, *ʔseʔ
*ʔse, *ze
*ʔse, *sʰe
*ʔse, *sʰe, *ze
*ʔse, *ʔse, *ʔseʔ
*ʔseʔ
訿 *ʔseʔ
*ʔseʔ
*ʔseʔ
*sʰe
*sʰeʔ
*sʰeʔ, *seʔ
*sʰes
*ze
*ze, *zes
*ze, *zes
*ze
*ʔsre

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • sia - literary;
  • se - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɛ⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕiɛ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕie²¹/
Jinan /ɕiə²¹³/
Qingdao /siə²¹³/
Zhengzhou /siɛ⁵³/
Xi'an /ɕiɛ²¹/
Xining /ɕi⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕie⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɕiə³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕiɤ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕie⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕi⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕie⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕiɛ³¹/
Nanjing /sie²¹²/
Hefei /sz̩²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕie¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕie̞¹³/
Hohhot /ɕie³¹/ 一~
/ɕiəʔ⁴³/ 這~
Wu Shanghai /ɕi⁵³/
Suzhou /si⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕi³³/
Wenzhou /sei³³/
Hui Shexian /se³¹/
Tunxi /se¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /sie³³/
/sia³³/
Xiangtan /siɒ³³/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɛʔ⁵/ 訓讀
Hakka Meixian /sia⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /siɑ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɛ⁵³/
Nanning /ɬɛ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /sɛ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sia⁵⁵/
/se⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sie⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /siɛ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sẽ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /nai³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (16)
Final () (100)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sia/
Pan
Wuyun
/sia/
Shao
Rongfen
/sia/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sia/
Li
Rong
/sia/
Wang
Li
/sĭa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯a/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiē
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 1686
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sjaːl/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. little, few
  2. rather, somewhat

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of (“some, a few”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Wu Wenzhou 厘兒

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3 2/3
Initial () (16) (16)
Final () (94) (39)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɑH/ /seiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/sɑH/ /seiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑH/ /sɛiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/saH/ /sɛjH/
Li
Rong
/sɑH/ /seiH/
Wang
Li
/sɑH/ /sieiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sɑH/ /sieiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
suò
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 3/3
No. 1685 1701
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*saːls/ /*seːs/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. An exclamatory particle.
  2. can; be able to
  3. what
  4. this
  5. fu (poetry)
  6. Alternative form of ().

Pronunciation 3Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. sound of a dirge

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune–Reischauer sa)

  1. little

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ta, )

  1. Hán tự form of ta, “I; me; we; us

ReferencesEdit