U+4E9B, 些
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E9B

[U+4E9A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E9C]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 7, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 卜心一一 (YPMM), four-corner 21101, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 87, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 268
  • Dae Jaweon: page 183, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1441, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+4E9B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Etymology 1Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • sia - literary;
  • se - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
    • (Changsha)
      • Wiktionary: sia1 / sie1
      • Sinological IPA (key) (old-style): /sia̠³³/, /sie̞³³/
      • Sinological IPA (key) (new-style): /ɕia̠³³/, /ɕie̞³³/
  • Note:
    • xia1 - vernacular;
    • xie - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɛ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ɕiɛ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /ɕie²¹/
    Jinan /ɕiə²¹³/
    Qingdao /siə²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /siɛ⁵³/
    Xi'an /ɕiɛ²¹/
    Xining /ɕi⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ɕie⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ɕiə³¹/
    Ürümqi /ɕiɤ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /ɕie⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /ɕi⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /ɕie⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ɕiɛ³¹/
    Nanjing /sie²¹²/
    Hefei /sz̩²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕie¹¹/
    Pingyao /ɕie̞¹³/
    Hohhot /ɕie³¹/ 一~
    /ɕiəʔ⁴³/ 這~
    Wu Shanghai /ɕi⁵³/
    Suzhou /si⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /ɕi³³/
    Wenzhou /sei³³/
    Hui Shexian /se³¹/
    Tunxi /se¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /sie³³/
    /sia³³/
    Xiangtan /siɒ³³/
    Gan Nanchang /ɕiɛʔ⁵/ 訓讀
    Hakka Meixian /sia⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /siɑ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /sɛ⁵³/
    Nanning /ɬɛ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /sɛ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sia⁵⁵/
    /se⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sie⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /siɛ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /sẽ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /nai³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (100)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /sia/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /sia/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /sia/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /sia/
    Li
    Rong
    /sia/
    Wang
    Li
    /sĭa/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /si̯a/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiē
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    No. 1686
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sjaːl/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. a little; a bit (a small amount)
      沒有 / 没有  ―  xiē dōu méiyǒu  ―  not even a bit
    2. some; a few (an indefinite amount)
        ―  chī xiē ròu  ―  to eat some meat
    3. (used after adjectives and certain verbs) a bit; a bit more
        ―  zǒu kuài xiē  ―  to walk a little faster
    4. rather; somewhat
    5. (archaic) A modal particle.

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    PronunciationEdit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 3/3 2/3
    Initial () (16) (16)
    Final () (94) (39)
    Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () I IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /sɑH/ /seiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /sɑH/ /seiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /sɑH/ /sɛiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /saH/ /sɛjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /sɑH/ /seiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /sɑH/ /sieiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /sɑH/ /sieiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    suò
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 3/3
    No. 1685 1701
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*saːls/ /*seːs/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. A modal particle.
    2. (figuratively) fu (poetry)
    3. can; be able to
    4. what
    5. this

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “related to etymology 1?”)

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to decrease

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. a few, a little; some
    2. sometimes

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eum (sa))

    1. little

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: ta,

    1. Hán tự form of ta (I; me; we; us).

    ReferencesEdit