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ChineseEdit

 
pay back; return; also; in addition; more; still; else; yet; (not) yet
be; yes; this
trad. (還是)
simp. (还是)

PronunciationEdit


AdverbEdit

還是

  1. still
    還是喜歡 / 还是喜欢  ―  háishì hěn xǐhuan nǐ.  ―  I still like you a lot.
  2. nevertheless; yet
    離異家庭到底還是影響孩子 [MSC, trad.]
    离异家庭到底还是影响孩子 [MSC, simp.]
    Líyì jiātíng dàodǐ háishì huì yǐngxiǎng dào háizi. [Pinyin]
    Children from divorced families will be affected in the end.

SynonymsEdit

  • (still):

ConjunctionEdit

還是

  1. or
    中國菜還是日本料理 [MSC, trad.]
    中国菜还是日本料理 [MSC, simp.]
    Nǐ yào chī Zhōngguócài háishì Rìběn liàolǐ? [Pinyin]
    Do you want to eat Chinese food or Japanese food?
    無論中國菜還是日本料理自助餐喜歡 [MSC, trad.]
    无论中国菜还是日本料理自助餐喜欢 [MSC, simp.]
    Wúlùn nǐ xiǎng chī Zhōngguócài háishì Rìběn liàolǐ, zìzhùcān dōu huì yǒu nǐ xǐhuān de. [Pinyin]
    Whether you want Chinese or Japanese food, the buffet will have what you like.
    你們這次旅遊自助還是跟團兒 [MSC, trad.]
    你们这次旅游自助还是跟团儿 [MSC, simp.]
    Nǐmen zhèicì lǚyóu shì zìzhù háishi gēntuánr a? [Pinyin]
    For this trip, are you travelling by yourselves or with a tour group?

Usage notesEdit

  • In Mandarin, 還是/还是 (when meaning "or") is exclusively used in questions, in which context it replaces the need for (ma) as a question word; as well as in some fixed phrases with words like 不管 (bùguǎn) or 無論无论 (wúlùn). Other senses of the word "or" in English are given by 或者 (huòzhě) (huòzhě) (or (huò) huò), which is only used in statements. For example, "A 或者 B" means "A or B".

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 還是 (“or”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 抑或, 或是
Mandarin Beijing 還是
Taiwan 還是
Cantonese Guangzhou 定係,
Hong Kong 定係, , 抑或, 抑或係
Taishan , 毋又
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian) 還係, 也係
Liudui (S. Sixian) 還係, 也係
Hsinchu (Hailu) 還係, 也係
Dongshi (Dabu) 還係, 也係
Hsinchu (Raoping) 還係, 也係
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 抑係
Min Nan Xiamen 抑是,
Quanzhou 抑是,
Zhangzhou 抑是,
Taipei 抑是
Philippines (Manila) 抑是
Chaozhou 抑是

See alsoEdit