See also:
U+5E97, 店
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5E97

[U+5E96]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5E98]

Translingual

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Stroke order
 

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 53, 广+5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 戈卜口 (IYR), four-corner 00261, composition 广)

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 344, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9267
  • Dae Jaweon: page 654, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 876, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5E97

Chinese

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simp. and trad.
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin

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Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *tiːms) : semantic 广 (lean-to) + phonetic (OC *ʔljem, *tjems)

Etymology

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou:
    • tiàm - literary;
    • tàiⁿ/tùiⁿ - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tian⁵¹/
Harbin /tian⁵³/
Tianjin /tian⁵³/
Jinan /tiã²¹/
Qingdao /tiã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /tian³¹²/
Xi'an /tiã⁴⁴/
Xining /tiã²¹³/
Yinchuan /tian¹³/
Lanzhou /tiɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /tian²¹³/
Wuhan /tiɛn³⁵/
Chengdu /tian¹³/
Guiyang /tian²¹³/
Kunming /tiɛ̃²¹²/
Nanjing /tien⁴⁴/
Hefei /tiĩ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /tie⁴⁵/
Pingyao /tie̞³⁵/
Hohhot /tie⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ti³⁵/
Suzhou /tiɪ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /tiẽ̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /ti⁴²/
Hui Shexian /te³²⁴/
Tunxi /tiɛ⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /tiẽ⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /tiẽ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /tiɛn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /tiam⁵³/
Taoyuan /tiɑm⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tim³³/
Nanning /tim³³/
Hong Kong /tim³³/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /tiam²¹/
/tãi²¹/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /taiŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /taŋ³³/
Shantou (Teochew) /tiam²¹³/
Haikou (Hainanese) /ʔdiam³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (157)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Baxter temH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/temH/
Pan
Wuyun
/temH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɛmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tɛmH/
Li
Rong
/temH/
Wang
Li
/tiemH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tiemH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
diàn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
dim3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
diàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ temH ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˁem-s/
English shop [not in GSR]

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16723
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tiːms/

Definitions

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  1. shop; store (Classifier: m;  m mn)
    禮拜外套 [MSC, trad.]
    礼拜外套 [MSC, simp.]
    Shàng lǐbài wǒ zài nà jiā diàn mǎi le yī jiàn xīn wàitào. [Pinyin]
    I got a new coat in that store last week.
    家具挑選 [MSC, trad.]
    家具挑选 [MSC, simp.]
    Nà jiā diàn yǒu hěn duō jiājù kě gōng tiǎoxuǎn. [Pinyin]
    That store has a good selection of furniture.
  2. inn (Classifier: m)
      ―  diàn  ―  small hotel; inn
      ―  diàn  ―  small hotel; inn
  3. used in place names
    駐馬驻马  ―  Zhùmǎdiàn  ―  Zhumadian

Synonyms

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  • (shop):
  • (inn):

Compounds

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (てん) (ten)
  • Korean: 점(店) (jeom)

Others:

References

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(Second grade kyōiku kanji)

Readings

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Compounds

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Etymology 1

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Kanji in this term
みせ
Grade: 2
kun'yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
みせ
[noun] a commercial building; a store; a shop
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 2

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Kanji in this term
てん
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC temH).

Suffix

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(てん) (-ten

  1. store, branch (of a store company)

References

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Korean

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Hanja

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(eumhun 가게 (gage jeom))

  1. hanja form? of (store)

Compounds

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Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: điếm, đám, điệm, tiệm, đêm, xóm

  1. (colloquial) Short for gái điếm (prostitute).

Compounds

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Usage notes

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  • Chữ Nôm. The modern Vietnamese word for shop is tiệm.

References

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