See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
店-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tiːms): semantic 广 ‎(lean-to) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ʔljem, *tjems)[1]

Han characterEdit

(radical 53 广+5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 戈卜口 (IYR), four-corner 00261, composition广)

  1. shop, store
  2. inn, hotel

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.yellowbridge.com/chinese/character-etymology.php?searchChinese=1&zi=%E5%BA%97
  • KangXi: page 344, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9267
  • Dae Jaweon: page 654, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 876, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5E97

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tian⁵¹/
Harbin /tian⁵³/
Tianjin /tian⁵³/
Jinan /tiã²¹/
Qingdao /tiã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /tian³¹²/
Xi'an /tiã⁴⁴/
Xining /tiã²¹³/
Yinchuan /tian¹³/
Lanzhou /tiɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /tian²¹³/
Wuhan /tiɛn³⁵/
Chengdu /tian¹³/
Guiyang /tian²¹³/
Kunming /tiɛ̃²¹²/
Nanjing /tien⁴⁴/
Hefei /tiĩ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /tie⁴⁵/
Pingyao /tie̞³⁵/
Hohhot /tie⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ti³⁵/
Suzhou /tiɪ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /tiẽ̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /ti⁴²/
Hui Shexian /te³²⁴/
Tunxi /tiɛ⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /tiẽ⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /tiẽ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /tiɛn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /tiam⁵³/
Taoyuan /tiɑm⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tim³³/
Nanning /tim³³/
Hong Kong /tim³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tiam²¹/
/tãi²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /taiŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /taŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tiam²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdiam³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (157)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/temH/
Pan
Wuyun
/temH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɛmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tɛmH/
Li
Rong
/temH/
Wang
Li
/tiemH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tiemH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
diàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
diàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ temH ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˤem-s/
English shop [not in GSR]

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16723
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tiːms/

NounEdit

(classifier (jiā))

  1. shop; store
  2. inn
    •   ―  diàn  ―  small hotel, inn
    •   ―  diàn  ―  small hotel, inn

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana みせ, romaji mise)

  1. a commercial building; a store; a shop

See alsoEdit

SuffixEdit

‎(hiragana てん, romaji -ten)

  1. store

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jeom) (hangeul , revised jeom, McCune-Reischauer chŏm)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(điếm, đám, điệm, tiệm, đêm, xóm)

  1. shop, store

CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • Chữ Nôm. The modern Vietnamese word for shop is tiệm.

ReferencesEdit

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