TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Large seal script Small seal script
孕-oracle.svg 孕-bigseal.svg 孕-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(pregnant woman) +  ‎(child) – a pregnant woman (swollen breasts and stomach) with child. Compare .

Han characterEdit

(radical 39 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 弓尸弓木 (NSND), four-corner 17407, composition)

  1. be pregnant, pregnancy

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 277, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6938
  • Dae Jaweon: page 545, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1009, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5B55

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (孕), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 以 (36)
Final: 蒸
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 以證切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jɨŋH/ /i̯əŋH/ /iəŋH/ /jɨŋH/ /jiŋH/ /jĭəŋH/ /ieŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yùn ‹ yingH › /*l[i]ŋ-s/ pregnant

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16475 0 /*lɯŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

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CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ing) (hangeul , revised ing, McCune-Reischauer ing)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(dựng, dằng, dửng, rặng)

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