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U+6C23, 氣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C23

[U+6C22]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C24]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 84 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 人弓火木 (ONFD), four-corner 80917, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 599, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17059
  • Dae Jaweon: page 990, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2011, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+6C23

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. *
alt. forms 𣱛

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰɯːds, *qʰɯds
*qʰrɯl
*kɯl, *ɡɯl, *kuːls
*kʰɯds
*kʰɯds, *qʰɯds
*kʰɯds
*qʰɯds
*qʰɯds
*qʰɯds
*qʰɯds
*qʰɯds
*qʰɯds

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰɯds, *qʰɯds): phonetic  (OC *kʰɯds) + semantic  (rice) – to give rice as a gift.

Later borrowed meanings of “air, flow” from (OC *kʰɯds). The derivative (OC *qʰɯds) refers to the original word. Compare (OC *kʰɯds, *kʰɯd).

PronunciationEdit


Note: khùi - vernacular, khì - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰi⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Qingdao /t͡ɕʰi⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰi³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕʰji²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰi³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰi²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰi³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰi³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕʰi⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰz̩⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰi⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /hi⁵³/
Taoyuan /hi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hei³³/
Nanning /hi³³/
Hong Kong /hei³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰi²¹/
/kʰui²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰɛi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰi³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰi²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xi³⁵/
/xui³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (29) (32)
Final () (20) (20)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɨiH/ /hɨiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰɨiH/ /hɨiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiəiH/ /xiəiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰɨjH/ /hɨjH/
Li
Rong
/kʰiəiH/ /xiəiH/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭəiH/ /xĭəiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰe̯iH/ /xe̯iH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khjɨjH › ‹ xjɨjH ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.qʰəp-s/ /*qʰət-s/
English cloudy vapors to present food

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 10140 10143
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰɯds/ /*qʰɯds/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. air; gas
    天然 / 天然  ―  tiānrán  ―  natural gas
  2. breath (Classifier: m;  c)
    喘不過 / 喘不过  ―  chuǎnbùguò lái  ―  to be out of breath
  3. (Chinese philosophy) qi; vital energy; life force
  4. smell; odour
    /   ―  wèi  ―  smell
  5. weather
    /   ―  tiān  ―  weather
  6. to get angry
    /   ―  shēng  ―  to get angry
  7. to make angry; to annoy
    /   ―  Bié wǒ!  ―  Don't annoy me!
  8. to breathe
  9. quality; character; spirit; mettle
    男人 / 男人  ―  yǒu nánrén   ―  manly

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():

JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

ReadingsEdit

Usage notesEdit

Not used in modern Japanese. Replaced by the shinjitai form .


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gi) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ki, Yale ki)

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CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khí)

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