See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 水月月月 (EBBB), four-corner 37127, composition)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 643, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18032
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1050, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1678, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6ED1

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xua³⁵/
Harbin /xua²⁴/
Tianjin /xuɑ⁴⁵/
Jinan /xua⁴²/
Qingdao /xua⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xua⁴²/
Xi'an /xua²⁴/
Xining /xua²⁴/
Yinchuan /xua⁵³/
Lanzhou /xua⁵³/
Ürümqi /xua⁵¹/
Wuhan /xua²¹³/
Chengdu /xua³¹/
Guiyang /xua²¹/
Kunming /xua̠³¹/
Nanjing /xuɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /xuɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xuaʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /xuʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /xuaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦuaʔ¹/
Suzhou /ɦuaʔ³/
Hangzhou /ɦuɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /ɦo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /xuaʔ²¹/
/uaʔ²¹/
Tunxi /uːə⁵/
Xiang Changsha /fa²⁴/
/ua⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /uɒ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /uaʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /vat̚⁵/
Taoyuan /vɑt̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wat̚²/
Nanning /wɛt̚²²/
/wat̚²²/
Hong Kong /wat̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huat̚⁵/
/kut̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kouʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ko⁴²/
/xua²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kuk̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kut̚³/
/kut̚⁵/ ~稽
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuət̚/ /kuət̚/ /kuət̚/ /kuot̚/ /kwət̚/ /kuət̚/ /kuət̚/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦuət̚/ /ɣuət̚/ /ɣuət̚/ /ɦuot̚/ /ɦwət̚/ /ɣuət̚/ /ɣuət̚/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣuɛt̚/ /ɣwat̚/ /ɣuɛt̚/ /ɦʷɯæt̚/ /ɦwəɨt̚/ /ɣwæt̚/ /ɣuæt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
huá ‹ hwɛt › /*Nə-ɡˤrut/ slippery

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4315 2 /*ɡruːd/
4324 2 /*kuːd/
4333 2 /*ɡuːd/

VerbEdit

  1. to slip, to slide

AdjectiveEdit

  1. very smooth
  2. slippery

Derived termsEdit

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 滑稽 (gǔjī)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. slippery
  2. slide
  3. slip
  4. flunk

ReadingsEdit

Kanji in this term
なめ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana なめ, romaji name)

  1. in mountaineering, the place where a little water is running on a smooth rock
  2. smooth thing, slippery thing

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(hwal, gol) (hangeul , , revised hwal, gol, McCune-Reischauer hwal, kol, Yale hwal, kol)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hoạt, gột, cốt)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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