See also:
U+6ED1, 滑
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6ED1

[U+6ED0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6ED2]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 水月月月 (EBBB), four-corner 37127, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 643, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18032
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1050, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1678, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6ED1

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡruːd, *kuːd, *ɡuːd): semantic (water) + phonetic (OC *kuːd).

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ku̍t - vernacular;
  • hoa̍t - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xua³⁵/
Harbin /xua²⁴/
Tianjin /xuɑ⁴⁵/
Jinan /xua⁴²/
Qingdao /xua⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xua⁴²/
Xi'an /xua²⁴/
Xining /xua²⁴/
Yinchuan /xua⁵³/
Lanzhou /xua⁵³/
Ürümqi /xua⁵¹/
Wuhan /xua²¹³/
Chengdu /xua³¹/
Guiyang /xua²¹/
Kunming /xua̠³¹/
Nanjing /xuɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /xuɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xuaʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /xuʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /xuaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦuaʔ¹/
Suzhou /ɦuaʔ³/
Hangzhou /ɦuɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /ɦo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /xuaʔ²¹/
/uaʔ²¹/
Tunxi /uːə⁵/
Xiang Changsha /fa²⁴/
/ua⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /uɒ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /uaʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /vat̚⁵/
Taoyuan /vɑt̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wat̚²/
Nanning /wɛt̚²²/
/wat̚²²/
Hong Kong /wat̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huat̚⁵/
/kut̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kouʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ko⁴²/
/xua²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kuk̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kut̚³/
/kut̚⁵/ ~稽

Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (33)
Final () (76)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠuɛt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚæt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuæt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwəɨt̚/
Li
Rong
/ɣuɛt̚/
Wang
Li
/ɣwæt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣwat̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huá
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huá
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwɛt ›
Old
Chinese
/*Nə-ɡˁrut/
English slippery

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 4315
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡruːd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to slip; to slide
  2. to swipe (on an electronic product)
    手機 / 手机  ―  huá shǒujī  ―  to play on one's phone
  3. very smooth
  4. slippery
  5. A surname​.

SynonymsEdit

  • (to slip, slippery): (Cantonese) 𨃩 (sin3)

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3
Initial () (28) (33)
Final () (56) (56)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuət̚/ /ɦuət̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuot̚/ /ɦuot̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuət̚/ /ɣuət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwət̚/ /ɦwət̚/
Li
Rong
/kuət̚/ /ɣuət̚/
Wang
Li
/kuət̚/ /ɣuət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuət̚/ /ɣuət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gu
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3 3/3
No. 4324 4333
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kuːd/ /*ɡuːd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to disturb; to unsettle
  2. to treat; to regulate
  3. to muddy
  4. Used in 滑稽 (gǔjī).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. slippery
  2. slide
  3. slip
  4. flunk

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
なめ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(なめ) (name

  1. in mountaineering, the place where a little water is running on a smooth rock
  2. smooth thing, slippery thing

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦˠuɛt̚).

Historical readings

PronunciationEdit

  • Phonetic hangeul: []

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 미끄러울 (mikkeureoul hwal))

  1. Hanja form? of (slippery).

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Chinese (MC kuət̚).

Historical readings

PronunciationEdit

  • Phonetic hangeul: []

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 익살스러울 (iksalseureoul gol))

  1. Hanja form? of (comical).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(gột, cốt, hoạt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.