See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 130 +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 月尸一竹 (BSMH), four-corner 77222, composition)

  1. glue
  2. gum
  3. resin
  4. rubber

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 993, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29841
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1445, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2109, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+81A0

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣau/ /kau/ /kau/ /kɯau/ /kaɨw/ /kau/ /kau/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: (29)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɣau/ /kʰau/ /kʰau/ /kʰɯau/ /kʰaɨw/ /kʰau/ /kʰau/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣauH/ /kauH/ /kauH/ /kɯauH/ /kaɨwH/ /kauH/ /kauH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiāo ‹ kæw › /*[k]ˤriw/ glue
jiǎo ‹ kæwX › /*[k]ˤriwʔ/ glue

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8350 2 /*krɯːw/
8354 2 /*krɯːws/
8355 2 /*kʰrɯːw/ 校本改目旁

NounEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term
にかわ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana にかわ, romaji nikawa, historical hiragana にかは)

  1. glue

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gyo) (hangeul , revised gyo, McCune-Reischauer kyo, Yale kyo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(giao, keo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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