U+6572, 敲
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6572

[U+6571]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6573]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 66, +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 卜月卜水 (YBYE), four-corner 01247, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 474, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13337
  • Dae Jaweon: page 828, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1471, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+6572

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰraːw, *kʰraːws): phonetic  (OC *kaːw) + semantic  (to hit lightly; to tap).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • khà - vernacular;
  • khau, khàu - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰiɑu⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰiau⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰiɑu²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰiɔ²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕʰiɔ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰiau²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiau²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰiɔ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kʰɔ⁴⁴/
/t͡ɕʰiɔ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰiɔ³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰiɔ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰiau⁵⁵/ 推~
/kʰau⁵⁵/ ~門
Chengdu /kʰau⁵⁵/
/t͡ɕʰiau⁵⁵/
Guiyang /kʰao⁵⁵/
Kunming /kʰɔ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /kʰɔo³¹/
/t͡ɕʰiɔo³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiɔ²¹/
/kʰɔ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiau¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiɔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰiɔ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /kʰɔ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡ɕʰiæ⁵⁵/
/kʰæ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰiɔ³³/
Wenzhou /kʰuɔ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiɔ³¹/
/kʰɔ³¹/
Tunxi /kʰo¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰiau³³/
/kʰau³³/
Xiangtan /kʰaɯ³³/
Gan Nanchang /kʰɑu⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kʰiau⁴⁴/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /hau⁵³/
Nanning /hau⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /hau⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰau⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰieu⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰau³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰiau³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xau²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (29) (29)
Final () (90) (90)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰˠau/ /kʰˠauH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰᵚau/ /kʰᵚauH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰau/ /kʰauH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰaɨw/ /kʰaɨwH/
Li
Rong
/kʰau/ /kʰauH/
Wang
Li
/kʰau/ /kʰauH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰau/ /kʰauH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiāo qiào
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 3757 3759
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰraːw/ /*kʰraːws/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to hit; to strike; to tap; to rap; to knock
    /   ―  qiāo le mén.  ―  He knocked on the door.
    剛剛點鐘 [MSC, trad.]
    刚刚点钟 [MSC, simp.]
    Gānggāng qiāo guò le bādiǎnzhōng, bù shì ma? [Pinyin]
    It has just struck eight, hasn't it?
  2. (colloquial) to rip off; to overcharge; to blackmail
    旅館觀光客竹杠 [MSC, trad.]
    旅馆观光客竹杠 [MSC, simp.]
    Nà jiā lǚguǎn qiāo guānguāngkè de zhúgàng. [Pinyin]
    That hotel rips off the tourists.
    他們多少 [MSC, trad.]
    他们多少 [MSC, simp.]
    Tāmen qiāo le nǐ duōshào qián? [Pinyin]
    How much did they screw you for?
  3. (colloquial) to criticize; to warn

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. to knock, to strike, to hit

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(go, gyo) (hangeul , , revised go, gyo, McCune–Reischauer ko, kyo, Yale ko, kyo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(xao, xào, sao)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.