U+7D20, 素
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7D20

[U+7D1F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7D21]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 120, +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 手一女戈火 (QMVIF), four-corner 50903, composition)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 918, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27300
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1348, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3368, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+7D20

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Pictogram (象形) – hands braiding thread .

In modern form, top component looks like without the diagonal stroke – compare , .

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /su⁵¹/
Harbin /su⁵³/
Tianjin /su⁵³/
Jinan /su²¹/
Qingdao /su⁴²/
Zhengzhou /su³¹²/
Xi'an /su⁴⁴/
Xining /ɕy²¹³/
Yinchuan /su¹³/
Lanzhou /su¹³/
Ürümqi /su²¹³/
Wuhan /səu³⁵/
Chengdu /su¹³/
Guiyang /su²¹³/
Kunming /su²¹²/
Nanjing /su⁴⁴/
Hefei /su⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /su⁴⁵/
Pingyao /səu³⁵/
Hohhot /su⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /su³⁵/
Suzhou /səu⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /su⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /sɤu⁴²/
Hui Shexian /su³²⁴/
Tunxi /səu⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /səu⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /səɯ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /su⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sz̩⁵³/
Taoyuan /su⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sou³³/
Nanning /ɬu³³/
Hong Kong /sou³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sɔ²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sou²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /su³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /su²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /so³⁵/
/to³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/suoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/suoH/
Shao
Rongfen
/soH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sɔH/
Li
Rong
/soH/
Wang
Li
/suH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/suoH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sou3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ suH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]ˁak-s/
English white silk

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12099
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*saːs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. white silk
  2. silk or paper used for writing
  3. plain; white
      ―  miàn  ―  unadorned face; face without makeup
  4. vegetarian (food)
      ―  cài  ―  vegetable dish; vegetarian dish
      ―  chī  ―  to live on a vegetarian diet; to be a vegetarian
    •   ―  shí  ―  vegetarian foods; to maintain a vegetarian diet
  5. formerly
  6. normally
  7. element
      ―  yuán  ―  element
      ―  yīn  ―  factor
  8. (mathematics) prime
    /   ―  shù  ―  prime number

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. basic

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Derived termsEdit


KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC suoH). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: swo) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

PronunciationEdit

  • (element; basis):
  • (plain; white):
    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰo̞(ː)]
    • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
      • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (huil so))
(eumhun 본디 (bondi so))

  1. Hanja form? of (plain; white).
  2. Hanja form? of (element; basis).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Nôm readings: tố[1], [2]

  1. (dated) Hán tự form of tố (clean, white).
  2. Hán tự form of tố (element, basis).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit