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U+6CE5, 泥
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6CE5

[U+6CE4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6CE6]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 水尸心 (ESP), four-corner 37111, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 617, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17311
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1012, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1595, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6CE5

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
niːl, *niːls
niːl
niːlʔ
niːlʔ
niːls
braːms, *niːl, *niːls
nilʔ
nilʔ
nilʔ
nil
nil
nil
nil, *nilʔ
nil
nil
nil
rniːd
niɡ

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • nài - colloquial;
  • nì - literary.
Note:
  • lê/nê - literary;
  • nî/lî - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ni³⁵/
Harbin /ni²⁴/
Tianjin /ni⁴⁵/
Jinan /ȵi⁴²/
Qingdao /ni⁴²/
/mi⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ni⁴²/
Xi'an /ni²⁴/
Xining /mji²⁴/
Yinchuan /mi⁵³/
/ni⁵³/
Lanzhou /ȵi⁵³/
Ürümqi /ȵi⁵¹/
Wuhan /ni²¹³/
Chengdu /ȵi³¹/
Guiyang /ni²¹/
Kunming /ni³¹/
Nanjing /li²⁴/
Hefei /mz̩⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ni¹¹/ ~皮
/ni⁴⁵/ ~匠
Pingyao /ȵi¹³/ ~牆牆
/ȵi³⁵/ ~匠
Hohhot /ni³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ȵi²³/
Suzhou /ȵi¹³/
Hangzhou /ȵi²¹³/
Wenzhou /ȵi³¹/
Hui Shexian /ni⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ȵie⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ȵi¹³/
Xiangtan /ȵi¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵi⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /nai¹¹/
/ni¹¹/
Taoyuan /nɑi¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /nɐi²¹/
Nanning /nɐi²¹/
Hong Kong /nɐi²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ne³⁵/
/ni³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nɛ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ni²¹/
/nai³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /nĩ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ni³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (8)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nei/
Pan
Wuyun
/nei/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɛi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/nɛj/
Li
Rong
/nei/
Wang
Li
/niei/
Bernard
Karlgren
/niei/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nej ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.nˤ[əj]/
English mud

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 9417
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*niːl/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. dirt (Classifier: c;  c)
      ―  wán   ―  play in the dirt
    [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 gau6 nai4 [Jyutping]  ―  a clod of earth
  2. mud
    /   ―  ruǎn  ―  soft mud
  3. clay
    娃娃  ―  wáwá  ―  clay doll
  4. any mush-like substance
      ―  shǔ  ―  mashed potato
    /   ―  jiāo  ―  Blu-Tack
    鷹嘴豆 / 鹰嘴豆  ―  yīngzuǐdòu  ―  hummus
  5. paint (used on walls)
  6. an ancient river in modern Hunan
  7. an ancient river in modern Gansu
  8. weak
  9. (Chinese mythology) a kind of animal lived in sea
  10. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (8)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/neiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/neiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɛiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/nɛjH/
Li
Rong
/neiH/
Wang
Li
/nieiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nieiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nejH ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˤər(ʔ)-s/
English impeded, obstructed (Lunyu)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 9421
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*niːls/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to sink into
  2. to be constrained
  3. to detain
  4. to paint
  5. to disturb
  6. to wallpaper
  7. to defile

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 3Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 泥泥.

Pronunciation 4Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 泥母.

Pronunciation 5Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
どろ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

NounEdit

(hiragana どろ, rōmaji doro)

  1. mud
Derived termsEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ni>i) (hangeul >)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

CharacterEdit

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit