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U+6CE5, 泥
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6CE5

[U+6CE4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6CE6]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 水尸心 (ESP), four-corner 37111, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 617, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17311
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1012, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1595, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6CE5

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*niːl, *niːls
*niːl
*niːlʔ
*niːlʔ
*niːls
*braːms, *niːl, *niːls
*nilʔ
*nilʔ
*nilʔ
*nil
*nil
*nil
*nil, *nilʔ
*nil
*nil
*nil
*rniːd
*niɡ

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • nài - colloquial;
  • nì - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • lê/nê - literary;
    • nî/lî - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ni³⁵/
    Harbin /ni²⁴/
    Tianjin /ni⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ȵi⁴²/
    Qingdao /ni⁴²/
    /mi⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ni⁴²/
    Xi'an /ni²⁴/
    Xining /mji²⁴/
    Yinchuan /mi⁵³/
    /ni⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ȵi⁵³/
    Ürümqi /ȵi⁵¹/
    Wuhan /ni²¹³/
    Chengdu /ȵi³¹/
    Guiyang /ni²¹/
    Kunming /ni³¹/
    Nanjing /li²⁴/
    Hefei /mz̩⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /ni¹¹/ ~皮
    /ni⁴⁵/ ~匠
    Pingyao /ȵi¹³/ ~牆牆
    /ȵi³⁵/ ~匠
    Hohhot /ni³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ȵi²³/
    Suzhou /ȵi¹³/
    Hangzhou /ȵi²¹³/
    Wenzhou /ȵi³¹/
    Hui Shexian /ni⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /ȵie⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /ȵi¹³/
    Xiangtan /ȵi¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /ȵi⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /nai¹¹/
    /ni¹¹/
    Taoyuan /nɑi¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /nɐi²¹/
    Nanning /nɐi²¹/
    Hong Kong /nɐi²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ne³⁵/
    /ni³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nɛ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ni²¹/
    /nai³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /nĩ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ni³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (8)
    Final () (39)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /nei/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /nei/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /nɛi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /nɛj/
    Li
    Rong
    /nei/
    Wang
    Li
    /niei/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /niei/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nej ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.nˤ[əj]/
    English mud

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 9417
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*niːl/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. dirt (Classifier: 𫩥 c;  c)
        ―  wán   ―  play in the dirt
      / 𫩥 [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 gau6 nai4 [Jyutping]  ―  a clod of earth
    2. mud
      /   ―  ruǎn  ―  soft mud
    3. clay
      娃娃  ―  wáwá  ―  clay doll
    4. any mush-like substance
        ―  shǔ  ―  mashed potato
      /   ―  jiāo  ―  Blu-Tack
      鷹嘴豆 / 鹰嘴豆  ―  yīngzuǐdòu  ―  hummus
    5. paint (used on walls)
    6. an ancient river in modern Hunan
    7. an ancient river in modern Gansu
    8. weak
    9. (Chinese mythology) a kind of animal lived in sea
    10. A surname​.
    11. () (phonology) a Middle Chinese initial and the 'Phags-pa script letter (n-)

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (8)
    Final () (39)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /neiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /neiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /nɛiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /nɛjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /neiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /nieiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /nieiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nejH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nˤər(ʔ)-s/
    English impeded, obstructed (Lunyu)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 9421
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*niːls/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to sink into
    2. to be constrained
    3. to detain
    4. to paint
    5. to disturb
    6. to wallpaper
    7. to defile

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 3Edit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in 泥泥.

    Pronunciation 4Edit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in 泥母.

    Pronunciation 5Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“blacken; black mud, slime; etc.”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    どろ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    NounEdit

    (hiragana どろ, rōmaji doro)

    1. mud
    Derived termsEdit

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (ni>i) (hangeul >)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (nề, , nệ, , nể, nễ, nơi)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit