See also:
U+8C93, 貓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8C93

[U+8C92]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8C94]

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 153, +8, 15 strokes, cangjie input 月竹廿田 (BHTW), four-corner 44260, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1202, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36595
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1664, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3914, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+8C93

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mreːw, *mrew): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *mrew).

Etymology 1Edit

trad.
simp.
 

Onomatopoeic. Compare (miāo, “meow, the onomatopoeic cry of a cat”).

Schuessler (2007) minimally reconstructs Old Chinese *mau, reasoning that 's place among division II syllables results from its onomatopoeic nature instead of an Old Chinese medial *-r-; onomatopoeia is also responsible for the 陰平阴平 (yīnpíng) tone instead of the expected 陽平阳平 (yángpíng).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • mao1 - vernacular;
  • miao2 - literary.
  • (Dungan)
    (Note: Dungan pronunciation is currently experimental and may be inaccurate.)
  • Cantonese
  • Note: miu4, maau4 - rare.
    Note:
    • mau4 - vernacular;
    • mieu4 - literary.
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Note:
    • mê - vernacular;
    • miâu - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • mà - vernacular;
    • mièu - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • niau, bâ - vernacular;
    • bâu - literary.
    Note:
    • ngiao1 (Shantou) / ngiou1 (Chaozhou) - literary;
    • bha5 - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • mau1 - vernacular;
    • miau1 - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /mɑu⁵⁵/
    Harbin /mau⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /mɑu⁴⁵/
    Jinan /mɔ⁴²/
    /mɔ²¹³/ 瞧~兒
    Qingdao /mɔ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /mau⁴²/
    Xi'an /mau²⁴/
    Xining /mɔ²⁴/
    Yinchuan /mɔ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /mɔ³¹/
    Ürümqi /mɔ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /mau⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /mau⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /mao⁵⁵/
    Kunming /mɔ⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /mɔo²⁴/
    Hefei /mɔ²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /mau¹¹/
    Pingyao /mɔ¹³/
    Hohhot /mɔ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /mɔ²³/
    /mɔ⁵³/
    Suzhou /mæ¹³/
    Hangzhou /mɔ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /m̠uɔ³³/
    Hui Shexian /mɔ³¹/
    Tunxi /mən²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /miau³³/
    /mau³³/
    Xiangtan /maɯ³³/
    Gan Nanchang /mɑu⁴⁵/
    /miɛu⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /miau⁵³/
    Taoyuan /meu⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /mau⁵⁵/
    Nanning /mau⁵⁵/
    /mɛu⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /mau⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bau³⁵/
    /niau⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ma⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /me³³/
    /miau³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋiãu³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /va³¹/
    /niau³⁵/
    /niau²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (4) (4)
    Final () (92) (90)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () Chongniu III II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mˠiᴇu/ /mˠau/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /mᵚiɛu/ /mᵚau/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /miæu/ /mau/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /miaw/ /maɨw/
    Li
    Rong
    /mjɛu/ /mau/
    Wang
    Li
    /mĭɛu/ /mau/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mi̯ɛu/ /mau/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    miáo máo
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    māo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ maew ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.mˁraw/
    English cat

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 9101 9109
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2 2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mreːw/ /*mrew/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. cat (Classifier: m c)
    2. (Mandarin, colloquial) to hide oneself
    3. (Mandarin, colloquial) to hang around; to stay somewhere doing nothing
    4. (Cantonese) to get drunk
    5. (Xiamen and Quanzhou Hokkien) stingy; miserly
    6. (Zhangzhou Hokkien) lecherous; lascivious

    SynonymsEdit

    • (stingy):

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    trad.
    simp.
    alternative forms

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Mandarin, colloquial) to bend
      /   ―  máoyāo  ―  to bend over; to stoop
    SynonymsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    trad.
    simp.

    Borrowed from English modem.

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Mainland China, colloquial) modem

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    • On (unclassified): びょう (byō)
    • Kun: ねこ (neko, )

    NounEdit

    (ねこ) (neko) (counter )

    1. Alternative form of (cat)

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 고양이 (goyang-i myo))

    1. cat

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: miêu ((mi)(tiêu)(thiết))[1][2][3]
    : Nôm readings: mèo[1][2], miêu[4]

    1. Hán tự form of miêu (cat).

    ReferencesEdit