See also:
U+51A0, 冠
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-51A0

[U+519F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+51A1]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 14, +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 月一山戈 (BMUI), four-corner 37214, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 130, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1580
  • Dae Jaweon: page 292, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 303, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+51A0

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𠖌
𠙙
𠜍
𢃙

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kŋoːn, *kŋoːns) and ideogrammic compound (會意): semantic (hat) + phonetic (OC *ŋon, head) + semantic (hand) – a hand putting a hat on the head.

Earlier forms are phono-semantic (形聲, OC *kŋoːn, *kŋoːns): semantic (hat) + phonetic (OC *ŋon).

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(g/k)wa-n (to put on; to wear; to clothe). Cognate with Tibetan བགོ (bgo, to put on; to wear; clothing), གོས (gos, clothes; garments; dress), གོན (gon), གྱོན (gyon, to put on; to wear), སྐོན (skon, to dress; to clothe).

Pronunciation 2 is the exopassive derivation of pronunciation 1, literally "(make someone to) be capped" (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • guang1 - Shantou;
  • guêng1 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (62)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kuɑn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷɑn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kuɑn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kwan/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuɑn/
    Wang
    Li
    /kuɑn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kuɑn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    guān
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    gun1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    guān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kwan ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k.ʔ]ˁor/
    English cap (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 16107
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kŋoːn/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. hat; cap
        ―  huángguān  ―  crown
    2. top part; cap; top
    3. hat-shaped thing
        ―  huāguān  ―  wreath; crown
    4. cock's crest; comb
      /   ―  guān  ―  cockscomb

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit


    Note:
    • guang3 - Shantou;
    • guêng3 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (62)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kuɑnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷɑnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kuɑnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kwanH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuɑnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kuɑnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kuɑnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    guàn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    gun3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    guàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kwanH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*k.ʔˁor-s/
    English cap (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 16109
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kŋoːns/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to put on a hat; to wear a hat
      沐猴而  ―  mùhóu'érguàn  ―  a macaque wearing a hat
    2. (historical) ceremony marking a male's coming of age at 20
    3. (of a male) to reach adulthood
    4. to rank first; to excel; to surpass
    5. to cover; to put on top of
    6. to precede (e.g. with a title); to attach; to put on
    7. superior; excellent; outstanding
      /   ―  guànjūn  ―  champion
    8. first place
    9. champion; winner; victor
    10. (linguistics) Short for 冠詞冠词 (guàncí, “article”).
    11. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. crown
    2. best, peerless

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    かがふり
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    /kaɡapuri//kaɡafuri/

    From Old Japanese.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (かがふり) (kagafuri

    1. (archaic, possibly obsolete) head covering; headdress, crown
    2. (by extension, archaic) order, rank
    See alsoEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    かぶり
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    Likely a shift from kagafuri above, ancient kagapuri. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

    Alternative formsEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (かぶり) (kaburi

    1. headdress, crown
    2. (theater) large attendance, full house
    3. (archaic) order, rank
    SynonymsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    かむり
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    A shift from kaburi above. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (かむり) (kamuri

    1. headdress, crown
    2. distance from the tunnel's roof to the surface directly above it
    3. (poetry) first (traditionally, five) morae of a haiku, etc.; specifically, the first verse or line of a poem

    Etymology 4Edit

    Kanji in this term
    こうぶり
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    A shift from kagafuri above, ancient kagapuri.[1]

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (こうぶり) (kōburiかうぶり (kauburi)?

    1. headdress, crown
    2. order, rank
    3. Synonym of 年爵 (an annual salary in the Heian period)
    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 5Edit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    かんむり
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    The modern spelling. A shift from kōburi above, historical kauburi.[1] Also encountered is kanburi.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (かんむり) or (かんぶり) (kanmuri or kanburi

    1. a crown (royal headdress)
      • 1999 November 18, “(かんむり)(いただ)(あお)(つばさ) [Crowned Blue Wings]”, in Vol.6, Konami:
        (あたま)()(かんむり)のように()える、(あお)(じろ)()えるトリ。
        Atama no ke ga kanmuri no yō ni mieru, aojiroku moeru tori.
        A bluish fiery bird whose feathers on its head resemble a crown.
    2. a type of traditional cap
    3. name; title; named sponsorship of a program, event, team, etc.​
    4. the top radical of a kanji, such as as in itself
    CompoundsEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (かんむり) (Kanmuri

    1. A female given name
    2. A surname​.

    Etymology 6Edit

    Kanji in this term
    さか
    Grade: S
    Irregular

    Clipping of ()(さか) (tosaka). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

    PronunciationEdit

    • (Irregular reading)

    NounEdit

    (さか) (saka

    1. comb, crest (of a bird, particularly a chicken or pheasant); cockscomb

    Etymology 7Edit

    Kanji in this term
    かん
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC kuɑn, kuɑnH).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (かん) (kanくわん (kwan)?

    1. headpiece, crown
    CompoundsEdit
    Derived termsEdit

    Adjectival nounEdit

    (かん) (kanくわん (kwan)? -tari (adnominal (かん)たる (kan taru), adverbial (かん) (kan to) or (かん)として (kan toshite))

    1. crown; champion

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC kuɑn, kuɑnH). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: kwan) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (gat gwan))

    1. Hanja form? of (crown; hat).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: quan, quán

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.