See also: and
U+9802, 頂
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9802

[U+9801]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9803]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

Stroke order
 

(radical 181, +2, 11 strokes, cangjie input 一弓一月金 (MNMBC), four-corner 11286, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1399, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43335
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1915, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4355, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+9802

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms 𩠑

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *teːŋʔ): phonetic  (OC *rteːŋ, *teːŋ) + semantic .

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-tjaŋ (upper part). (STEDT)

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • deng2 - vernacular;
  • ding2 - literary.
  • Hakka
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /tiŋ²¹⁴/
    Harbin /tiŋ²¹³/
    Tianjin /tiŋ¹³/
    Jinan /tiŋ⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /tiŋ⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /tiŋ⁵³/
    Xi'an /tiŋ⁵³/
    Xining /tiə̃⁵³/
    Yinchuan /tiŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /tĩn⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /tiŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /tin⁴²/
    Chengdu /tin⁵³/
    Guiyang /tin⁴²/
    Kunming /tĩ/
    Nanjing /tin²¹²/
    Hefei /tin²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /ti⁵³/ ~事
    /tiəŋ⁵³/ ~針
    Pingyao /tiŋ⁵³/
    /ti⁵³/ ~住
    Hohhot /tĩŋ⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /tiŋ³⁵/
    Suzhou /tin⁵¹/
    Hangzhou /tin⁵³/
    Wenzhou /teŋ³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /tiʌ̃³⁵/
    Tunxi /tɛ³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /tin⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /tin⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /tin²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /tin³¹/
    /taŋ³¹/ 山~
    Taoyuan /tɑŋ³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /teŋ³⁵/
    /tɛŋ³⁵/
    Nanning /tɛŋ³⁵/
    Hong Kong /tiŋ³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tiŋ⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tiŋ³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /taiŋ²¹/ 头~
    /tiaŋ²¹/ ~嘴
    Shantou (Min Nan) /teŋ⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdeŋ²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (5)
    Final () (125)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /teŋX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /teŋX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tɛŋX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tɛjŋX/
    Li
    Rong
    /teŋX/
    Wang
    Li
    /tieŋX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tieŋX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    dǐng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    dǐng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tengX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tˁeŋʔ/
    English top of the head

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2386
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*teːŋʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. top; peak
      /   ―  shāndǐng  ―  mountain top
    2. to carry on head
    3. most; exceedingly; best
    4. Classifier for hats and palanquins.all nouns using this classifier
      / [Cantonese]  ―  loeng5 deng2 mou6-2 [Jyutping]  ―  two hats
      轎子 / 轿子  ―  dǐng jiàozǐ  ―  a palanquin
    5. (Min Nan) in front; ahead; above; before; previously
    6. (Internet slang) to "bump" a forum thread to raise its profile

    CompoundsEdit

    Further readingEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. top, peak
    2. to receive

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    NounEdit

    Kanji in this term
    いただき
    Grade: 6
    kun’yomi

    (いただき) (itadaki

    1. the top
      (やま)(いただき)
      yama no itadaki
      the top of a mountain
      (いただき)()
      itadaki ni tatsu
      stand on the top

    AntonymsEdit

    PhraseEdit


    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC teŋX). Recorded as Middle Korean 뎌ᇰ (Yale: tyeng) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 정수리 (jeongsuri jeong))

    1. Hanja form? of (crown or top of the head).
    2. Hanja form? of (topmost point; peak).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (đính, đảnh, đỉnh, điếng, đuểnh)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.