EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French col, from Latin collum (neck). Doublet of collum.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

col (plural cols)

  1. (geography) A dip on a mountain ridge between two peaks.
    Coordinate terms: bealach, mountain pass, pass, saddle, hause
    • 1999, Harish Kapadia, “Ascents in the Panch Chuli Group”, in Across Peaks & Passes in Kumaun Himalaya, New Delhi: Indus Publishing Company, →ISBN, page 136:
      We spent half an hour on the summit before returning to our camp, where we stuffed the frozen tent and all the gear into our packs and started the long descent of the southwest ridge to rejoin Harish and others who were still encamped on the col at the foot of it.
  2. (meteorology) A pressure region between two anticyclones and two low-pressure regions.

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


AsturianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a contraction of the preposition con (with) + masculine singular article el (the).

ContractionEdit

col m (feminine cola, neuter colo, masculine plural colos, feminine plural coles)

  1. with the

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin caulis, caulem (stalk, stem), from Ancient Greek καυλός (kaulós, stem of a plant).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

col f (plural cols)

  1. cabbage

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


DalmatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Vulgar Latin *cu illu < Latin eccum illum. Compare Italian quello, Romanian acel, Old French cil, Spanish aquel.

PronounEdit

col

  1. that

DutchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From French col (collar), from Latin collum (neck).

NounEdit

col m (plural cols, diminutive colletje n)

  1. (informal, Belgium) (clothing) collar
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

col m (plural collen, diminutive colletje n)

  1. (informal, Belgium) (sports) mountain pass
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From French colle

NounEdit

col f (uncountable)

  1. (informal, Belgium) glue
SynonymsEdit

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French col, from Latin collum (neck). Doublet of cou.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

col m (plural cols)

  1. collar
  2. col
  3. neck (now especially of objects, vases etc.)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


GalicianEdit

 
Coles or verzas

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese col (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria), from an older unattested *coule, from Latin caulis. Cognate with Portuguese couve and Spanish col.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

col f (plural coles)

  1. collard; wild mustard, wild cabbage; kale; Brassica oleracea var. acephala
    Synonyms: coella, verza

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • col” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • coles” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • couues” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • col” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • col” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • col” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from German Zoll.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ ˈt͡sol]
  • Hyphenation: col
  • Rhymes: -ol

NounEdit

col (plural colok)

  1. inch

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative col colok
accusative colt colokat
dative colnak coloknak
instrumental collal colokkal
causal-final colért colokért
translative collá colokká
terminative colig colokig
essive-formal colként colokként
essive-modal
inessive colban colokban
superessive colon colokon
adessive colnál coloknál
illative colba colokba
sublative colra colokra
allative colhoz colokhoz
elative colból colokból
delative colról colokról
ablative coltól coloktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
colé coloké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
coléi colokéi
Possessive forms of col
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. colom coljaim
2nd person sing. colod coljaid
3rd person sing. colja coljai
1st person plural colunk coljaink
2nd person plural colotok coljaitok
3rd person plural coljuk coljaik

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN

IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish col, from Proto-Celtic *kulom.

NounEdit

col m (genitive singular coil, nominative plural colanna)

  1. prohibition
  2. sin, lust
  3. violation
  4. dislike
  5. incest
    Synonyms: ciorrú coil, corbadh
  6. relation, relationship
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

col m (genitive singular coil, nominative plural coil)

  1. (geography) col
DeclensionEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
col chol gcol
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

  • "col" in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “col” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “col” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

ItalianEdit

ContractionEdit

col

  1. contraction of con il; with the

Middle FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French col, from Latin collum.

NounEdit

col m (plural cols)

  1. (anatomy) the neck

DescendantsEdit

  • French: cou, col

Old EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Germanic *kōluz, *kōlaz. Cognate with Old High German kuoli.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

cōl (comparative cōlra, superlative cōlost)

  1. cool (not hot or warm)
DeclensionEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Germanic *kulą. Cognate with Old Frisian kole, Old High German kolo, Old Norse kol.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

col n (nominative plural colu)

  1. coal
DeclensionEdit
DescendantsEdit

Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin collum.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

col m (oblique plural cous or cox or cols, nominative singular cous or cox or cols, nominative plural col)

  1. (anatomy) neck

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *kulom.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

col n (genitive cuil)

  1. sin, violation

InflectionEdit

Neuter o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative colN colN colL, cola
Vocative colN colN colL, cola
Accusative colN colN colL, cola
Genitive cuilL col colN
Dative colL colaib colaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

DescendantsEdit

  • Irish: col
  • Scottish Gaelic: col (incest)

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
col chol col
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish col (sin).

NounEdit

col m (genitive singular cola, plural colan)

  1. incest

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from German Zoll.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cȏl m (Cyrillic spelling цо̑л)

  1. inch

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin caulis, caulem (stalk, stem), from Ancient Greek καυλός (kaulós, stem of a plant). Cognate with English cole and chou.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

col f (plural coles)

  1. cabbage
    Synonyms: berza, repollo

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


Tocharian BEdit

AdjectiveEdit

col

  1. wild

VilamovianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cōl m (plural cōln)

  1. inch (unit of measure)