English edit

Etymology 1 edit

Contraction of the article da ("the").

Article edit

d'

  1. Pronunciation spelling of the, representing dialectal English.
    Synonym: da

Etymology 2 edit

Reduction.

Verb edit

d'

  1. Contraction of do. (only before "you" or "ye")
    D'you wanna go?
  2. Contraction of did. (only before "you" or "ye")
    D'you eat yet?

See also edit

Asturian edit

Etymology edit

Contraction of the preposition de (of, from).

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

d'

  1. (before a vowel or a h) Apocopic form of de: of, from
    d’Asturies
    of Asturias
    d’hermanu
    of a brother

Bavarian edit

Etymology edit

Unstressed form of de.

Article edit

d' f or pl

  1. the

See also edit

Catalan edit

Etymology edit

Contraction of the preposition de (of, from).

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

d'

  1. (before a vowel or an h) Apocopic form of de: of
    escola d'idiomeslanguage school

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

Contraction of the article de (the).

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

d'

  1. (archaic, poetic, colloquial) Apocopic form of de: the

French edit

Etymology edit

Contraction of the preposition de (of, from).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /d‿/
  • (file)

Preposition edit

d’

  1. (before a vowel or a mute h) Apocopic form of de: of
    un verre d’eau
    a glass of water
  2. (informal, after a vowel sound) Apocopic form of de: of
    • 2002, Jean-François Pauzé (lyrics and music), “Mon chum Rémi”, in Break Syndical, the s in pas is silent:
      Hé Rémi / fais pas d’conneries / J’t’aime ben la face / pis tu m’dois encore cinquante piasses
      Hey Rémi / stop with the nonsense / I really like your face / and you still owe me fifty dollars

Further reading edit

Irish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [d̪ˠ] (before a word starting with a, o, u, fha, fho, or fhu)
  • IPA(key): [dʲ] (before a word starting with e, i, fhe, or fhi)
  • (Ulster, colloquial) IPA(key): (prepositions only) /ə j-/[1]

Etymology 1 edit

Prevocalic apocope of do (all senses).

Particle edit

d’

  1. (before vowel sounds and fhr-) Apocopic form of do: Marker of the past tense.
    d’ól séhe drank
    d’fhág séhe waited
    d’fhreagair séhe answered
  • Used before vowel sounds (including when f has been lenited to fh before a vowel) and also before fr- lenited to fhr-. The variant form used before consonants, do, is generally omitted but may be encountered in Munster Irish and in literary language.

Preposition edit

d’ (plus dative, triggers lenition)

  1. (before vowel sounds) Apocopic form of do: to, for
    d’athair Sheáin
    to Seán’s father, for Seán’s father

Determiner edit

d’

  1. (before vowel sounds) Apocopic form of do: your (singular)
    d’athair
    your father
Alternative forms edit
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Prevocalic apocopic form of de.

Preposition edit

d’ (plus dative, triggers lenition)

  1. (before vowel sounds) Apocopic form of de: from, of
    d’athair Sheáin
    from Seán’s father, of Seán’s father

References edit

  1. ^ Quiggin, E. C. (1906) A Dialect of Donegal, Cambridge University Press, § 191, page 73

Italian edit

Etymology edit

Contraction of the preposition di (of, from).

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

d' (apocopated)

  1. (sometimes before a vowel or an h) Apocopic form of di: of
    Follia d'amoreMadness of love.
    Un bicchiere d'acqua.A glass of water.

Usage notes edit

In some rare cases d' represents the preposition da:

d'ora in poi (from now on)
= da ora in poi
d'ora in avanti (from now on)
= da ora in avanti

Luxembourgish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /d/ (before vowels and voiced consonants)
  • IPA(key): /t/ (before voiceless consonants)
  • IPA(key): /-/ (sometimes; see usage notes below)

Determiner edit

d' f or n

  1. Reduced form of déi
  2. Reduced form of dat

Usage notes edit

  • This article form is commonly not pronounced between /t/ and another consonant, and occasionally otherwise when the combination of preceding and following consonants creates an impossible cluster. Only rarely is this muteness avoided by using the full form of the article. Rather, the lack of an indefinite article becomes a definite article by default. Occasional ambiguities, particularly in the plural, are tolerated.

Declension edit

Luxembourgish definite articles
masculine feminine neuter plural
nom./acc. deen (den) déi (d') dat (d') déi (d')
dat. deem (dem) där (der) deem (dem) deen (den)
gen. der

Middle French edit

Preposition edit

d'

  1. elided form of de

Usage notes edit

  • Earlier manuscripts omit the apostrophe
  • despaigneof Spain

Norman edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old French de, from Latin .

Preposition edit

d'

  1. of
  2. from

Occitan edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (file)

Preposition edit

d'

  1. Alternative form of de (before a vowel)

Old French edit

Preposition edit

d'

  1. elided form of de

Usage notes edit

  • Unlike in modern French, de is not always elided to d' before a vowel or a mute h. It is optional.
  • The apostrophe is not used in the original manuscripts, but is added by scholars for clarity.
    despaigneof Spain

Old Occitan edit

Preposition edit

d'

  1. elided form of de

Portuguese edit

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

d’

  1. (used before words beginning in a vowel, archaic except in fixed expressions) Alternative form of de

Derived terms edit

Romagnol edit

Alternative forms edit

Preposition edit

d'

  1. Apocopic form of ad (of)

Sardinian edit

Etymology 1 edit

Apocopic form of de.

Pronunciation edit

IPA(key): /d‿/

Preposition edit

d' (apocopate)

  1. Apocopic form of de used before a vowel

Etymology 2 edit

From the development of an epenthetic [d] in pronunciation between the prepositions cun/chin/in and the indefinite articles unu, una.

Pronunciation edit

IPA(key): [d‿]

Preposition edit

d'

  1. ortographic realization of a [d] sound in certain environments
Derived terms edit
Logudorese, Campidanese
Nuorese

Sassarese edit

Etymology edit

Contraction of the preposition di (of, from).

Pronunciation edit

IPA(key): /d‿/

Preposition edit

d' (apocopate)

  1. (before a vowel or an h) Apocopic form of di

Scottish Gaelic edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Determiner edit

d’

  1. Apocopic form of do (your) (second-person singular possessive pronoun)
    A bheil fios aig d’ athair?Does your father know?
    Seo d’ fhaclair.Here’s your dictionary.

See also edit

References edit