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Wiktionary:Word of the day/Archive/2019/April

< Wiktionary:Word of the day‎ | Archive‎ | 2019
2019
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Contents

1Edit

 

Word of the day for April 1
couth adj
  1. (obsolete) Familiar, known; well-known, renowned.
  2. (Scotland) Variant of couthie.
    1. Agreeable, friendly, pleasant.
    2. Comfortable; cosy, snug. []
  3. Marked by or possessing a high degree of sophistication; cultured, refined.

  To celebrate April Fools’ Day, we are featuring a series of less familiar cousins to common words – enjoy!

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2Edit

 

Word of the day for April 2
imburse v
  1. (transitive, obsolete) To put into a purse; to save, to store up.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To give money to, to pay; to stock or supply with money.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To pay back money that is owed; to refund, to repay, to reimburse.

  To celebrate April Fools’ Day, we are featuring a series of less familiar cousins to common words – enjoy!

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3Edit

 

Word of the day for April 3
loggerhead n
  1. (obsolete) A stupid person; a blockhead, a dolt.
  2. A metal tool consisting of a long rod with a bulbous end that is made hot in a fire, then plunged into some material (such as pitch or a liquid) to melt or heat it.
  3. (nautical) A post on a whaling boat used to secure the harpoon rope.
  4. (botany, Midlands, dialectal) Often in plural: a thistle-like flowering plant of the genus Centaurea, particularly the common knapweed (Centaurea nigra).
  5. (zoology) Used as the name of various animals with large heads.
    1. The loggerhead duck or Falkland steamer duck (Tachyeres brachypterus; formerly Tachyeres cinereus), a species of steamer duck endemic to the Falkland Islands.
    2. The loggerhead kingbird (Tyrannus caudifasciatus), a bird endemic to the Caribbean and West Indies.
    3. The rufous-tailed flycatcher (Myiarchus validus), a bird endemic to Jamaica.
    4. The loggerhead shrike (Lanius ludovicianus), a bird endemic to North America.
    5. The loggerhead musk turtle (Sternotherus minor), a large-headed turtle endemic to the United States.
    6. The loggerhead sea turtle or loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta), an oceanic turtle found throughout the world.

  To celebrate April Fools’ Day, we are featuring a series of less familiar cousins to common words – enjoy!

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4Edit

 

Word of the day for April 4
sensical adj
  1. That makes sense; showing internal logic; rational, sensible.

  To celebrate April Fools’ Day, we are featuring a series of less familiar cousins to common words – enjoy!

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5Edit

 

Word of the day for April 5
whelm v
  1. (transitive) To bury, to cover; to engulf, to submerge.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To throw (something) over a thing so as to cover it.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To ruin or destroy.
  4. (intransitive) To overcome with emotion; to overwhelm.

  To celebrate April Fools’ Day, we are featuring a series of less familiar cousins to common words – enjoy!

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6Edit

 

Word of the day for April 6
wieldy adj
  1. (obsolete except Britain, dialectal) Able to wield one's body well; active, dexterous.
  2. Capable of being easily wielded or managed; handy.

  To celebrate April Fools’ Day, we are featuring a series of less familiar cousins to common words – enjoy!

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7Edit

 

Word of the day for April 7
chivvy v
  1. (transitive, Britain) To coerce or hurry along, as by persistent request.
  2. (transitive, Britain) To subject to harassment or verbal abuse.
  3. (transitive, Britain) To sneak up on or rapidly approach.
  4. (transitive, Britain) To pursue as in a hunt.

  To mark World Health Day today and the benefits of being active, we are featuring a series of action words or verbs.

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8Edit

 

Word of the day for April 8
comply v
  1. To yield assent; to accord; to acquiesce, agree, consent; to adapt oneself, to conform.
  2. (archaic) To accomplish, to fulfil. [from late 16th c.]
  3. (archaic) To be ceremoniously courteous; to make one's compliments.
  4. (archaic) To enfold; to embrace.

  To mark World Health Day on 7 April and the benefits of being active, we are featuring a series of action words or verbs.

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9Edit

 

Word of the day for April 9
grandfather v
  1. (intransitive, law) To retain existing laws or rules only for people or organizations previously affected by them, and to apply new laws or rules to the unaffected people or organizations.
  2. (transitive, law) To retain existing laws or rules for (a person or organization previously affected by them).

  To mark World Health Day on 7 April and the benefits of being active, we are featuring a series of action words or verbs. The tongue-in-cheek International Be Kind to Lawyers Day also falls on this day in 2019, the second Tuesday of April.

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10Edit

 

Word of the day for April 10
deem v
  1. (transitive, obsolete) To judge, to pass judgment on; to doom, to sentence.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To adjudge, to decree.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To dispense (justice); to administer (law).
  4. (transitive) To hold in belief or estimation; to adjudge as a conclusion; to regard as being; to evaluate according to one's beliefs; to account.
  5. (transitive, intransitive) To think, judge, or hold as an opinion; to decide or believe on consideration; to suppose.
  6. (intransitive) To have or hold as an opinion; to judge; to think.

  To mark World Health Day on 7 April and the benefits of being active, we are featuring a series of action words or verbs.

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11Edit

 

Word of the day for April 11
flabbergast v
  1. (transitive) To overwhelm with bewilderment; to amaze, confound, or stun, especially in a ludicrous manner.

  To mark World Health Day on 7 April and the benefits of being active, we are featuring a series of action words or verbs.

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12Edit

 

Word of the day for April 12
spraddle v
  1. (transitive, Canada, Caribbean (West Indies), US) To spread apart (the legs).
  2. (transitive, Canada, Caribbean (West Indies), US) To spread apart the legs of (someone or something).
  3. (intransitive, Canada, Caribbean (West Indies), US) To lie, move, or stand with legs spread.

  To mark World Health Day on 7 April and the benefits of being active, we are featuring a series of action words or verbs.

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15Edit

 

Word of the day for April 15
mummy brown n
  1. A brown pigment originally prepared from the ground-up remains of Egyptian animal or human mummies mixed with bitumen, etc.
  2. The colour of this pigment, a variable brown nearly intermediate between raw umber and burnt umber.
    mummy brown colour:  

  Today, the anniversary of the day Italian Renaissance polymath Leonardo da Vinci was born in 1452, is declared by the International Association of Art to be World Art Day to celebrate the fine arts.

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16Edit

 

Word of the day for April 16
boiling frog n
  1. (idiomatic, often attributively) A person who, or thing which, is in a gradually worsening situation without any realization of the peril until it is too late.
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20Edit

 

Word of the day for April 20
nauplius n
  1. (zoology) A crustacean larva that has three pairs of locomotive organs (corresponding to antennules, antennae, and mandibles), a median eye, and little or no segmentation of the body.
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21Edit

 

Word of the day for April 21
hector v
  1. (transitive) To dominate or intimidate in a blustering way; to bully, to domineer.
  2. (intransitive) To behave like a hector or bully; to bluster, to swagger; to bully.
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22Edit

 

Word of the day for April 22
agrology n
  1. A subdiscipline of agronomy (the science of utilizing animals, plants, and soils) which addresses the influence of edaphic (soil-related) conditions on crop production.
  2. (rare) A subdiscipline of soil science which addresses optimizing crop production.
  3. (chiefly Canada) The science and art of agriculture.

  Today is Earth Day, a day for observing the need to protect the Earth.

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27Edit

 

Word of the day for April 27
recrudescence n
  1. The condition or state being recrudescent; the condition of something (often undesirable) breaking out again, or re-emerging after temporary abatement or suppression.
  2. (medicine, by extension) The acute recurrence of a disease, or its symptoms, after a period of improvement.
  3. (botany) The production of a fresh shoot from a ripened spike.
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29Edit

 

Word of the day for April 29
curate's egg n
  1. (idiomatic) A thing which has good and bad parts, but is overall spoilt by the bad.
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30Edit

 

Word of the day for April 30
desiccate v
  1. (transitive) To remove moisture from; to dry.
  2. (transitive) To preserve by drying.
  3. (intransitive, rare) To become dry; to dry up.
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