From Middle English weder, wedir, from Old English weder, from Proto-West Germanic *wedr, from Proto-Germanic *wedrą, from Proto-Indo-European *wedʰrom (=*we-dʰrom), from *h₂weh₁- (“to blow”).
Cognate with Saterland Frisian Weeder, West Frisian waar, Dutch weer, Low German Weder, German Wetter, Danish vejr, Swedish väder, Norwegian Bokmål vær, Norwegian Nynorsk vêr, Icelandic veður; also more distantly related to Russian вёдро (vjódro, “fair weather”) and perhaps Albanian vrëndë (“light rain”).
Other cognates include Sanskrit निर्वाण (nirvāṇa, “blown or put out, extinguished”).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈwɛð.ə/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈwɛð.ɚ/
Audio (GA) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɛðə(ɹ)
- Homophone: wether; whether (in accents with the wine-whine merger)
- Hyphenation: wea‧ther
weather (countable and uncountable, plural weathers)
- The short term state of the atmosphere at a specific time and place, including the temperature, relative humidity, cloud cover, precipitation, wind, etc.
- 1981, William Irwin Thompson, The Time Falling Bodies Take to Light: Mythology, Sexuality and the Origins of Culture, London: Rider/Hutchinson & Co., page 118:
- Human beings love to talk about the weather.
- What's the weather like today?
- We'll go for a walk when the weather's better.
- The garden party was called off due to bad weather.
- Here and there, the weather on the sea allowed two of their friends to hear and see, too.
- Unpleasant or destructive atmospheric conditions, and their effects.
- Wooden garden furniture must be well oiled as it is continuously exposed to weather.
- (nautical) The direction from which the wind is blowing; used attributively to indicate the windward side.
- 1851 November 14, Herman Melville, chapter 3, in Moby-Dick; or, The Whale, 1st American edition, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers; London: Richard Bentley, →OCLC:
- One complained of a bad cold in his head, upon which Jonah mixed him a pitch-like potion of gin and molasses, which he swore was a sovereign cure for all colds and catarrhs whatsoever, never mind of how long standing, or whether caught off the coast of Labrador, or on the weather side of an ice-island.
- (countable, figuratively) A situation.
- (obsolete) A storm; a tempest.
- 1697, Virgil, “(please specify the book number)”, in John Dryden, transl., The Works of Virgil: Containing His Pastorals, Georgics, and Æneis. […], London: […] Jacob Tonson, […], →OCLC:
- What gusts of weather from that gathering cloud / My thoughts presage!
- (obsolete) A light shower of rain.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Wyclif to this entry?)
- (state of the atmosphere): meteorology
- (windward side): weatherboard
- fair-weather friend
- how's the weather
- make the weather
- there is no such thing as bad weather, only bad clothing
- under the weather
- weather balloon
- weather bow
- weather chart
- weather deck
- weather eye
- weather forecast
- weather front
- weather gauge
- weather loach
- weather map
- weather pains
- weather report
- weather shore
- weather speak
- weather summary
- weather vane
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
weather (not comparable)
- (sailing, geology) Facing towards the flow of a fluid, usually air.
- weather side, weather helm
- 1851 November 14, Herman Melville, chapter 35, in Moby-Dick; or, The Whale, 1st American edition, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers; London: Richard Bentley, →OCLC, page 174:
- Let me make a clean breast of it here, and frankly admit that I kept but sorry guard. With the problem of the universe revolving in me, how could I—being left completely to myself at such a thought-engendering altitude—how could I but lightly hold my obligations to observe all whale-ships’ standing orders, “Keep your weather eye open, and sing out every time.”
weather (third-person singular simple present weathers, present participle weathering, simple past and past participle weathered)
- To expose to the weather, or show the effects of such exposure, or to withstand such effects.
- 1856, Hugh Miller, The Cruise of the Betsey
- The organisms […] seem indestructible, while the hard matrix in which they are embedded has weathered from around them.
- 1596, Edmund Spenser, “Book V, Canto IV”, in The Faerie Queene. […], London: […] [John Wolfe] for William Ponsonbie, →OCLC, stanza 42:
- [An eagle] soaring through his wide empire of the air / To weather his broad sails.
- 1856, Hugh Miller, The Cruise of the Betsey
- (by extension) To sustain the trying effect of; to bear up against and overcome; to endure; to resist.
- 1840 January 10, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, “[Ballads.] The Wreck of the Hesperus.”, in Ballads and Other Poems, 2nd edition, Cambridge, Mass.: […] John Owen, published 1842, →OCLC, stanza 8, page 44:
- "Come hither! come hither! my little daughter, / And do not tremble so; / For I can weather the roughest gale, That ever wind did blow."
- April 18, 1850, Frederick William Robertson, An Address Delivered to the Members of the Working Man's Institute
- You will weather the difficulties yet.
- To break down, of rocks and other materials, under the effects of exposure to rain, sunlight, temperature, and air.
- (nautical) To pass to windward in a vessel, especially to beat 'round.
- to weather a cape to weather another ship
- (nautical) To endure or survive an event or action without undue damage.
- Joshua weathered a collision with a freighter near South Africa.
- (falconry) To place (a hawk) unhooded in the open air.
- 1773, James Campbell, A Treatise on modern faulconry:
- If your hawk is bad-weathered, that is, will not fit on your fist when the wind blows, but hales, and beats, and hangs by the jeſſes, ſhe has an ill habit of the worſt kind.
- weather at OneLook Dictionary Search
- weather in Britannica Dictionary
- weather in Macmillan Collocations Dictionary
- weather in Sentence collocations by Cambridge Dictionary
- weather in Ozdic collocation dictionary
- weather in WordReference English Collocations