Open main menu

Wiktionary β

See also: Zima, zim’ă, зіма, and зима

Contents

CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *zima, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeymeh₂.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

zima f

  1. winter
  2. cold

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Seasons in Czech · roční období (layout · text)
jaro (spring) léto (summer) podzim (autumn) zima (winter)

Further readingEdit

  • zima in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • zima in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *zima, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeymeh₂.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

zima f

  1. winter

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Seasons in Polish · pory roku (layout · text)
wiosna (spring) lato (summer) jesień (autumn) zima (winter)

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *zima, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeymeh₂.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /zǐːma/
  • Hyphenation: zi‧ma

NounEdit

zíma f (Cyrillic spelling зи́ма)

  1. winter
  2. cold, coldness (of weather or temperature)

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit

Seasons in Serbo-Croatian · godišnja doba / годишња доба (layout · text)
spring:
proleće, proljeće, proliće
пролеће, прољеће
summer:
leto, ljeto
лето, љето
autumn:
jesen
јесен
winter:
zima
зима

ReferencesEdit

  • zima” in Hrvatski jezični portal

SlovakEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *zima, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *źeimāˀ, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeymeh₂.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

zima f (genitive singular zimy, nominative plural zimy, genitive plural zím, declension pattern of žena)

  1. winter
  2. very cold weather (regardless of the season)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • zima in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

SloveneEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *zima, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeymeh₂.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

zíma f (genitive zíme, nominative plural zíme)

  1. winter

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit


SwahiliEdit

AdjectiveEdit

-zima (declinable)

  1. whole; entire; full
  2. mature; fully grown
  3. (in greetings) well
    U mzimaAre you well?

InflectionEdit

VerbEdit

-zima (infinitive kuzima)

  1. to turn off, extinguish, quell

ConjugationEdit

Conjugation of -zima
Non-finite forms
Form Positive Negative
Infinitive kuzima kutozima
Simple finite forms
Positive form Singular Plural
Imperative zima zimeni
Habitual huzima
Complex finite forms
Polarity Persons Persons / Classes Classes
1st 2nd 3rd / M-wa M-mi Ma Ki-vi N U Ku Pa Mu
Sg. Pl. Sg. Pl. Sg. / 1 Pl. / 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 / 14 15 / 17 16 18
Past
Positive nilizima
nalizima
tulizima
twalizima
ulizima
walizima
mlizima
mwalizima
alizima walizima ulizima ilizima lilizima yalizima kilizima vilizima ilizima zilizima ulizima kulizima palizima mulizima
Relative niliozima
naliozima
tuliozima
twaliozima
uliozima
waliozima
mliozima
mwaliozima
aliozima waliozima uliozima iliozima liliozima yaliozima kiliozima viliozima iliozima ziliozima uliozima kuliozima paliozima muliozima
Negative sikuzima hatukuzima hukuzima hamkuzima hakuzima hawakuzima haukuzima haikuzima halikuzima hayakuzima hakikuzima havikuzima haikuzima hazikuzima haukuzima hakukuzima hapakuzima hamukuzima
Present
Positive ninazima
nazima
tunazima unazima mnazima anazima wanazima unazima inazima linazima yanazima kinazima vinazima inazima zinazima unazima kunazima panazima munazima
Relative ninaozima
naozima
tunaozima unaozima mnaozima anaozima wanaozima unaozima inaozima linaozima yanaozima kinaozima vinaozima inaozima zinaozima unaozima kunaozima panaozima munaozima
Negative sizimi hatuzimi huzimi hamzimi hazimi hawazimi hauzimi haizimi halizimi hayazimi hakizimi havizimi haizimi hazizimi hauzimi hakuzimi hapazimi hamuzimi
Future
Positive nitazima tutazima utazima mtazima atazima watazima utazima itazima litazima yatazima kitazima vitazima itazima zitazima utazima kutazima patazima mutazima
Relative nitakaozima tutakaozima utakaozima mtakaozima atakaozima watakaozima utakaozima itakaozima litakaozima yatakaozima kitakaozima vitakaozima itakaozima zitakaozima utakaozima kutakaozima patakaozima mutakaozima
Negative sitazima hatutazima hutazima hamtazima hatazima hawatazima hautazima haitazima halitazima hayatazima hakitazima havitazima haitazima hazitazima hautazima hakutazima hapatazima hamutazima
Subjunctive
Positive nizime tuzime uzime mzime azime wazime uzime izime lizime yazime kizime vizime izime zizime uzime kuzime pazime muzime
Negative nisizime tusizime usizime msizime asizime wasizime usizime isizime lisizime yasizime kisizime visizime isizime zisizime usizime kusizime pasizime musizime
Present Conditional
Positive ningezima tungezima ungezima mngezima angezima wangezima ungezima ingezima lingezima yangezima kingezima vingezima ingezima zingezima ungezima kungezima pangezima mungezima
Negative nisingezima
singezima
tusingezima
hatungezima
usingezima
hungezima
msingezima
hamngezima
asingezima
hangezima
wasingezima
hawangezima
usingezima
haungezima
isingezima
haingezima
lisingezima
halingezima
yasingezima
hayangezima
kisingezima
hakingezima
visingezima
havingezima
isingezima
haingezima
zisingezima
hazingezima
usingezima
haungezima
kusingezima
hakungezima
pasingezima
hapangezima
musingezima
hamungezima
Past Conditional
Positive ningalizima tungalizima ungalizima mngalizima angalizima wangalizima ungalizima ingalizima lingalizima yangalizima kingalizima vingalizima ingalizima zingalizima ungalizima kungalizima pangalizima mungalizima
Negative nisingalizima
singalizima
tusingalizima
hatungalizima
usingalizima
hungalizima
msingalizima
hamngalizima
asingalizima
hangalizima
wasingalizima
hawangalizima
usingalizima
haungalizima
isingalizima
haingalizima
lisingalizima
halingalizima
yasingalizima
hayangalizima
kisingalizima
hakingalizima
visingalizima
havingalizima
isingalizima
haingalizima
zisingalizima
hazingalizima
usingalizima
haungalizima
kusingalizima
hakungalizima
pasingalizima
hapangalizima
musingalizima
hamungalizima
Conditional Contrary to Fact
Positive ningelizima tungelizima ungelizima mngelizima angelizima wangelizima ungelizima ingelizima lingelizima yangelizima kingelizima vingelizima ingelizima zingelizima ungelizima kungelizima pangelizima mungelizima
General Relative
Positive nizimao tuzimao uzimao mzimao azimao wazimao uzimao izimao lizimao yazimao kizimao vizimao izimao zizimao uzimao kuzimao pazimao muzimao
Negative nisiozima tusiozima usiozima msiozima asiozima wasiozima usiozima isiozima lisiozima yasiozima kisiozima visiozima isiozima zisiozima usiozima kusiozima pasiozima musiozima
Gnomic
Positive nazima twazima wazima mwazima azima wazima wazima yazima lazima yazima chazima vyazima yazima zazima wazima kwazima pazima mwazima
Perfect
Positive nimezima tumezima umezima mmezima amezima wamezima umezima imezima limezima yamezima kimezima vimezima imezima zimezima umezima kumezima pamezima mumezima
"Already"
Positive nimeshazima tumeshazima umeshazima mmeshazima ameshazima wameshazima umeshazima imeshazima limeshazima yameshazima kimeshazima vimeshazima imeshazima zimeshazima umeshazima kumeshazima pameshazima mumeshazima
"Not yet"
Negative sijazima hatujazima hujazima hamjazima hajazima hawajazima haujazima haijazima halijazima hayajazima hakijazima havijazima haijazima hazijazima haujazima hakujazima hapajazima hamujazima
"If/When"
Positive nikizima tukizima ukizima mkizima akizima wakizima ukizima ikizima likizima yakizima kikizima vikizima ikizima zikizima ukizima kukizima pakizima mukizima
"If not"
Negative nisipozima tusipozima usipozima msipozima asipozima wasipozima usipozima isipozima lisipozima yasipozima kisipozima visipozima isipozima zisipozima usipozima kusipozima pasipozima musipozima
Consecutive
Positive nikazima tukazima ukazima mkazima akazima wakazima ukazima ikazima likazima yakazima kikazima vikazima ikazima zikazima ukazima kukazima pakazima mukazima
Not all possible forms are listed in the table. Transitive verbs can take object concords, relative concords can agree with all noun classes, and many other forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

Derived termsEdit