Last modified on 19 September 2014, at 11:04
See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
菜-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (grass, plant) + phonetic .

Han characterEdit

(radical 140 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿月木 (TBD), four-corner 44904)

  1. vegetable, vegetables
  2. dish, order
  3. food
  4. cuisine

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1038, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31184
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1496, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3236, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+83DC

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronounciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (菜), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 咍
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 倉代切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰʌiH/ /t͡sʰɑ̆iH/ /t͡sʰᴀiH/ /t͡sʰəiH/ /t͡sʰəjH/ /t͡sʰɒiH/ /t͡sʰɒiH/

NounEdit

(classifier ,)

  1. vegetable; greens
    • 蔬菜 (shūcài, "vegetables")
    • 白菜 (báicài, "Chinese cabbage")
    • 菠菜 (bōcài, "spinach")
  2. cuisine; (type of) food
  3. dish; course
  4. (colloquial) (one's) type

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chae) (hangeul , revised chae, McCune-Reischauer ch'ae, Yale chay)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thái, thủy, linh, )

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