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U+722A, 爪
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-722A

[U+7229]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+722B]
U+2F56, ⽖
KANGXI RADICAL CLAW

[U+2F55]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F57]
U+2EA5, ⺥
CJK RADICAL PAW TWO

[U+2EA4]
CJK Radicals Supplement
[U+2EA6]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 

Alternative forms edit

  • – when used as a top radical

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 87, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 竹中人 (HLO), four-corner 72230, composition 𠂆)

  1. Kangxi radical #87, .

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 688, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19653
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1101, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2030, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+722A

Chinese edit

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Pictogram (象形) – a hand grabbing from above (in earlier forms from side); compare , , .

Etymology 1 edit

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms ancient

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • zhuǎ - “claw; claw-like object”.
Note:
  • cháu - literary;
  • chiáu/liáu/niáu/jiáu - vernacular.
Note:
  • riao2 - Shantou;
  • riou2 - Chaozhou.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (18)
Final () (90)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Baxter tsraewX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃˠauX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂᵚauX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃauX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂaɨwX/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃauX/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃauX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂauX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhǎo
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zaau2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhǎo
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsræwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ˁ<r>uʔ/
English claw

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17658
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsruːʔ/

Definitions edit

  1. claw (of animal, bird); talon; paw; nail
  2. (Hakka) to grab with claws
  3. claw-like object; foot (of an item)
  4. (derogatory or humorous) hand (of a person)
  5. (Quanzhou and Xiamen Hokkien) nail (of a person)
  6. a surname
Usage notes edit
  • (zhuǎ) ― paws or claws of vertebrates, except for humans, bears, ducks, geese and swans
  • (qián) ― claws of arthropods (crabs, clawed lobsters, scorpions, etc.)
  • (zhǎng) ― hands, paws or claws of humans (only in compounds), bears, ducks, geese or swans
  • (shǒu) ― hands or hooves of humans or swine (only for culinary swine hooves)
  • () ― hooves
Synonyms edit
  • (claw):

Compounds edit

Etymology 2 edit

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms

Pronunciation edit

Definitions edit

  1. (Southern Min) to claw; to scratch (with one's claw or nail)
  2. (Quanzhou and Xiamen Hokkien) Classifier for claw or scratch mark.

Compounds edit

References edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. nail, claw

Readings edit

Etymology 1 edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
つめ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese,[1] in turn from Proto-Japonic *tumay. The standalone form of tsuma below.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(つめ) (tsume

  1. nail; claw
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
つま
Grade: S
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. The root form of tsume above, generally only used in compounds. Cognate with (tsuma, edge, side of something) and (tsuma, wife, original sense of “spouse).[1]

Affix edit

(つま) (tsuma

  1. (only in compounds) nail; claw
Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Shōgaku Tosho (1988) 国語大辞典(新装版) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Khitan edit

Etymology edit

Distantly related with Proto-Mongolic *jaxun (hundred), whence Classical Mongolian ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ (ǰaɣun) (> Mongolian зуу (zuu) and Daur jau).

Numeral edit

(jau)

  1. hundred (100)

Korean edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Chinese (MC tsraewX). Recorded as Middle Korean 조〮 (cwó) (Yale: cwo) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja edit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 손톱 (sontop jo))

  1. Hanja form? of (nail; claw).

Compounds edit

References edit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: trảo, trẩu, vuốt, trảu

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.