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See also: and 𝌞
U+722D, 爭
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-722D

[U+722C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+722E]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 87 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 月尸木 (BSD), four-corner 20507)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 688, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19663
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1101, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2031, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+722D

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰraːŋ, *sʰreːŋ
*zraːŋ, *zreːŋ
*zraːŋ, *zreːŋ
*ʔsreːŋ
*ʔsreːŋ
*ʔsreːŋ, *zeŋʔ
*ʔsreːŋ, *zreːŋ
*ʔsreːŋs
*sʰreːŋ
*sʰreːŋ
*sʰreːŋ
*zreŋʔ
*zeŋʔ
*zeŋs

Pictogram (象形) – two hands on a plowshare.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • zang1 - dispute, fight, etc.;
  • cang1 - to lack, to be missing.
  • Hakka
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • căng - vernacular;
    • cĕng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chiⁿ/cheⁿ - vernacular;
    • cheng/chng - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 1tsan - vernacular;
    • 1tsen - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡səŋ²¹/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂəŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂəŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂəŋ²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡səŋ²¹/
    Xining /t͡sə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡səŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂə̃n³¹/
    Ürümqi /t͡sɤŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /t͡sən⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡sən⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /t͡sen⁵⁵/
    Kunming /t͡sə̃/
    Nanjing /t͡sən³¹/
    Hefei /t͡sən²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡səŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /t͡səŋ¹³/
    /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩¹³/ ~氣
    Hohhot /t͡sə̃ŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡səŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /t͡sən⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡sen³³/
    Wenzhou /t͡siɛ³³/
    /d͡ziɛ³¹/
    /d͡ziɛ²²/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʌ̃³¹/
    /t͡sɛ³¹/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕiɛ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sən³³/
    Xiangtan /t͡sɔn³³/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sɑŋ⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sen⁴⁴/ 鬥~
    /t͡saŋ⁴⁴/ ~食
    Taoyuan /t͡sɑŋ²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɐŋ⁵³/
    /t͡saŋ⁵³/
    Nanning /t͡saŋ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /t͡sɐŋ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡siŋ⁵⁵/
    /t͡sĩ⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡saŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡saiŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sẽ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡seŋ²³/
    /t͡sɛ²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (18)
    Final () (117)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ʃˠɛŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈ͡ʂᵚæŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ʃɐŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈ͡ʂəɨjŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ʃɛŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ʃæŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʈ͡ʂæŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhēng
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhēng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsrɛng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ts]ˤreŋ/ (~ *m-tsˤreŋ or *mə- tsˤreŋ)
    English strife, quarrel

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 17142
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsreːŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to dispute; to fight
    2. to contend
    3. to strive
    4. 25th tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "contention"
    5. (dialectal Mandarin, Cantonese, dialectal Hakka, Jin, dialectal Min, southern Wu) to lack; to be missing; still have; remaining
      Keoi5 dei6 gaan1 uk1 zung6 zaang1 go3 ci3 so2 mei6 zong1. [Jyutping]
      Their house still hasn't had the bathroom installed yet.
      Dou3 gei1 coeng4 zung6 zaang1 gei2 fan1 zung1. [Jyutping]
      There are still a couple minutes until we reach the airport.

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Original form of (zhèng, “to admonish”).

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (jaeng) (hangeul , revised jaeng, McCune-Reischauer chaeng, Yale cayng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (tranh, dềnh, ganh, giành, chanh, danh, dành, gianh)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.