U+7117, 焗

CJK Unified Ideographs

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 86, +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 火尸尸口 (FSSR), four-corner 97827, composition )

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: not present, would follow page 673, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2206, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+7117

Chinese edit

simp. #
alternative forms

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Glyph origin edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声): semantic (fire) + phonetic (OC *ɡoɡ).

Etymology edit

First attested as in 《廣東省土話字彙》 [1828] and as in 《粵語全書》 [1905] (Zhang and Li, 2017).

Possible origins include:

  1. From (MC khowk, “to be cooked”) (Chen Botao, 《東莞縣志》), based on an entry in Fangyan:
    [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: Yang Xiong, Fangyan, c. 1st century BCE
    Ér, rèn, pēng, làn, xī, qiú, , shú yě. [Pinyin]
    Er, ren, peng, lan, xi, qiu, ku: to be cooked.
  2. From (MC khowk, “dry, hot air”) (Chan, 1995; Chan, 1998).
  3. From (MC xuwk|xowk|xak, “hot; blazing”) (Zhan and Qiu, 2003).
  4. From English cook (Zhang and Li, 2017).

Pronunciation edit

Definitions edit

  1. (Cantonese) stuffy
    風扇真係 [Cantonese, trad.]
    风扇真系 [Cantonese, simp.]
    gaan1 fong4-2 jau6 mou5 hoi1 coeng1, jau6 mou5 hoi1 fung1 sin3, zan1 hai6 hou2 guk6 aa3. [Jyutping]
    The windows are not open and the fan is not on, so it's really stuffy in the room.
  2. (chiefly Cantonese, cooking) to wrap food in gauze, tin foil, or paper and cook in salt or sand in a sealed pot
    [Cantonese]  ―  jim4 guk6 gai1 [Jyutping]  ―  chicken baked in salt
  3. (Cantonese, Hakka, cooking) to bake
    蛋糕 [Cantonese]  ―  guk6 daan6 gou1 [Jyutping]  ―  to bake a cake
  4. (Cantonese) to steep
    [Cantonese]  ―  guk6 caa4 [Jyutping]  ―  (please add an English translation of this usage example)
  5. (Cantonese) to force (into doing something)
    導遊猛咁畀著幫襯旅行社 [Cantonese, trad.]
    导游猛咁畀着帮衬旅行社 [Cantonese, simp.]
    go3 dou6 jau4 maang5 gam3 guk6 jan4 maai5 ni1 joeng6 maai5 go2 joeng6, bei2 zoek3 hai6 ngo5, m4 wui5 bong1 can3 ni1 gaan1 leoi5 hang4 se5 lo1. [Jyutping]
    The tour guide keeps on forcing people to buy this and that. If it were I, I would not travel with this agency.
    iPhone [Cantonese]  ―  guk6 zyu6 jung6 aai1 fung1 [Jyutping]  ―  to be forced to use an iPhone

Compounds edit