See also:
U+5403, 吃
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5403

[U+5402]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5404]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 口人弓 (RON), four-corner 68017, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 174, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3280
  • Dae Jaweon: page 387, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 579, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5403

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kɯd): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kʰɯds, *kʰɯd).

 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Etymology 1Edit

trad. /
simp.
alternative forms Shanghai
(jaak3) Cantonese
  This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “how are the different pronunciations related? to stutter > to eat one's sounds (Schuessler, 2007)? STEDT seems to relate "to eat" to *m-dz(y)a-k/n/t/s (EAT / FOOD / FEED / RICE)”

PronunciationEdit


Note: jaak3 - colloquial.
Note: Often written as .

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹³/
Qingdao /tʃʰz̩⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²⁴/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰz̩³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰz̩²¹/
/t͡ɕʰia²¹/ ~虧
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩ʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəʔ²/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰz̩²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
/t͡ɕʰia²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰio²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɑʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰət̚¹/
Taoyuan /kʰet̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɛk̚³/
Nanning /hɛk̚³³/
/hɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /hɛk̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan)
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ki²⁴/
/i⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋiak̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xit̚⁵/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to eat; to consume
    喜歡 / 喜欢  ―  Tā hěn xǐhuān chīfàn.  ―  He loves to eat.
    /   ―  chīfàn le ma?  ―  Have you eaten? (also a greeting)
    /   ―  chī guò fàn ma?  ―  Have you eaten? (also a greeting)
    𠲎 [Shanghainese, trad.]
    𠲎 [Shanghainese, simp.]
    Have you eaten? (also a greeting)
    • 果果 [Cantonese, trad. and simp.]
      From: 《排排坐》, traditional children's song
      Paai4 paai4 co5, hek3 gwo2 gwo2. [Jyutping]
      Let's sit together and eat fruits.
  2. to live on
  3. to suffer; to endure; to bear
      ―  chī  ―  to endure hardship
    /   ―  chīkuī  ―  to suffer losses, to be at a disadvantage
    胸口 / 胸口  ―  Tā xiōngkǒu chī le yī qiāng.  ―  He took a bullet in the chest.
  4. to exhaust; to be a strain
    Chrome內存 / Chrome内存  ―  Chrome chī nèicún.  ―  Chrome is a memory hog.
  5. to drink
  6. (mahjong) to chow
SynonymsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Japanese: (チー) (chī)

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (58)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨt̚/
Li
Rong
/kiət̚/
Wang
Li
/kĭət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ji
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10080
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to stammer; to stutter; to falter
      ―  kǒuchī  ―  to stammer, to stutter

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 吃吃 (qīqī).

Etymology 4Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Hokkien) Alternative form of .

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
きつ
Hyōgaiji
kan’on

From Middle Chinese (MC kɨt̚).

AffixEdit

(きつ) (kitsu

  1. stammering, stuttering
  2. accepting, complying
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
チー
Hyōgaiji
Irregular

From Mandarin (chī, literally to eat).[1][2][3]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(チー) (chī

  1. (mahjong) a call for an open 順子 (shuntsu, sequence of three suited tiles), compare English chow
Coordinate termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
ままなき
Hyōgaiji
Irregular

Possibly a compound of (mama, remaining at a certain state) +‎ 泣き (naki, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 泣く (naku), “to cry). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

NounEdit

(ままなき) (mamanaki

  1. stammering, stuttering
  2. a stutterer
SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eum (heul))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: khật, hấc, hất, hớt, ngát, ngặt, ngật, ực, cật

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.