See also: 保险

ChineseEdit

 
to defend; to protect; to insure or guarantee
to defend; to protect; to insure or guarantee; to maintain; hold or keep; to guard
danger (ous); rugged
trad. (保險)
simp. (保险)
 
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EtymologyEdit

Attestable in ancient Chinese texts.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (1) (32)
Final () (89) (154)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pɑuX/ /hˠiᴇmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/pɑuX/ /hᵚiɛmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/pɑuX/ /xiæmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pawX/ /hjiamX/
Li
Rong
/pɑuX/ /xjɛmX/
Wang
Li
/pɑuX/ /xĭɛmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pɑuX/ /xi̯ɛmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bǎo xiǎn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
bou2 him2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
bǎo xiǎn xiǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ pawX › ‹ xjæmX › ‹ xjemX ›
Old
Chinese
/*pˁuʔ/ /*qʰr[a]mʔ/ /*qʰr[a]mʔ/
English protect precipitous, dangerous precipitous, dangerous

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 318 10221
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*puːʔ/ /*qʰramʔ/

VerbEdit

保險

  1. to assure; to guarantee
    保險世界紀錄 [MSC, trad.]
    保险世界纪录 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ gǎn bǎoxiǎn zhè shì shìjiè xīn jìlù. [Pinyin]
    I can assure you that this is the new world record.
  2. (colloquial) to be bound to; to be sure to
    保險沒事 [MSC, trad.]
    保险没事 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhào wǒ shuō de zuò, bǎoxiǎn méishì. [Pinyin]
    Do as I say and I am sure you will be fine.
  3. (literary) to guard a strategic place; to defend a strategic pass

SynonymsEdit

  • (to assure):

AdjectiveEdit

保險

  1. safe; secure
    天氣忽冷忽熱穿保險 [MSC, trad.]
    天气忽冷忽热穿保险 [MSC, simp.]
    Tiānqì hūlěnghūrè, duō chuān diǎn bǎoxiǎn! [Pinyin]
    The weather is quite variable; please wear a bit more just to be safe!

SynonymsEdit

NounEdit

保險

  1. safety (mechanical device on a firearm)
  2. insurance; indemnity (equitable transfer of the risk of a loss, from one entity to another in exchange for payment)
    保險 / 保险  ―  bǎoxiǎn é  ―  insurance coverage
    保險 [MSC, trad.]
    保险 [MSC, simp.]
    Nǐ de chē shàng bǎoxiǎn le ma? [Pinyin]
    Is your car insured?

AdverbEdit

保險

  1. (obsolete, dialectal) certainly

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (保險):
  • Japanese: 保険(ほけん) (hoken)
  • Korean: 보험 (保險, boheom)
  • Vietnamese: bảo hiểm (保險)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
けん
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

NounEdit

()(けん) (hoken (kyūjitai, shinjitai 保険)

  1. Kyūjitai form of 保険: insurance

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

保險 (boheom) (hangeul 보험)

  1. Hanja form? of 보험 (insurance).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

保險

  1. Hán tự form of bảo hiểm (insurance).