See also:
U+7261, 牡
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7261

[U+7260]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7262]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(Kangxi radical 93, +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 竹手土 (HQG), four-corner 24510, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 697, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19933
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1110, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1801, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7261

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (cattle) + . Various explanations exist, some propose 丄 (here unrelated to ) depicts a penis to represent “male”. Later 丄 came to be written . See also the etymology of this character.

EtymologyEdit

Austroasiatic (Schuessler, 2007). Compare Proto-Mon-Khmer *ɟm(oo)l (male) (whence Khmer ឈ្មោល (chmool, to be male)), Old Mon jmūr ~ jmur (male (elephant)), Proto-Waic *(k)mɔj ((wild) ox; buffalo), Proto-Vietic *mɔːlʔ (person; human being) (whence Vietnamese mọi (savage; barbarian), Muong mõl (human being)).

An oracle bone graph for this word shows a vertical stick on a horizontal ground, possibly because it had been intended for an obsolete homophone cognate with Proto-Vietic *c-mɔːlʔ (digging stick), which alongside "male" may derive from a stem represented in Old Khmer cval (to enter; to penetrate; (of animals) to copulate), Khmu [script needed] (cmɔɔl, to plant (rice) with a digging stick), [script needed] (crmɔɔl, digging stick) (ibid.; Ferlus, 1987). Schuessler (2007) further proposes a relationship with (OC *mɯʔ, “cropland; mu (a Chinese measuring unit for area)”) (ibid.); see there for more.

PronunciationEdit


Note: mau5 - dated variant.
Note:
  • mū - vernacular;
  • mēu - literary.
  • Min Nan

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (137)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /məuX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /məuX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /məuX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /məwX/
    Li
    Rong
    /muX/
    Wang
    Li
    /məuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mə̯uX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    mǒu
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    mau5
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ muwX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m(r)uʔ/
    English male

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9321
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mɯwʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (obsolete) male of animals
      Synonyms: (xióng), (gōng)
      Antonym: (pìn)
    2. (obsolete) male genitals
    3. (obsolete) bolt of door

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. male
    2. oyster

    ReadingsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    おす
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    おすS
    [noun] a male (plant or animal)
    Alternative spellings
    , オス
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (mo) (hangeul , revised mo, McCune–Reischauer mo, Yale mo)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: mẫu

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.