See also: Appendix:Variations of "ma"
- 1 Cebuano
- 2 Hausa
- 3 Kambera
- 4 Maori
- 5 Northern Sotho
- 6 Pitjantjatjara
- 7 Sotho
- 8 Swahili
- 9 Tagalog
- 10 Tsonga
- 11 Tswana
- 12 Venda
- 13 Xhosa
- 14 Zulu
- added to verbs and adjectives to form adjectives meaning “able to be done; fit to be done”
- Used to form agentive nouns.
- Used to form nouns of place (locative nouns).
- Used to form instrumental nouns.
Each prefix forms a different template to which the noun must conform:
- Agentive nouns end in -ī in the masculine singular, -ìyā in the feminine singular, and -ā in the plural, and the root has low tone in the masculine and plural, but high tone in the feminine.
- Locative nouns end in -ā and are feminine, or uncommonly in -ī and are masculine, with all high tone in either case. There is rarely a plural form.
- Instrumental nouns end in -ī and are masculine, with plurals in -ai. The tones of the singular form are all high, and in the plural the tones are all low except for the plural morpheme.
- first person plural exclusive nominative proclitic
Kambera pronominal clitics
- away (prefixed to verbs)
- The hyphen is normally kept, for example, ma-pitjanyi.
- Although ma- is spelt with a short a, the vowel is actually long (maa-). The misleading spelling exists for historical reasons.
- The prefix for noun class 6 denoting liquids.
- Used to form adjectives indicating a quality
- Actor III trigger infinitive verb prefix
- Object IV trigger infinitive verb prefix
- Object trigger to have done something; to be able to do something
- Natapos kong basahin ang libro kagabi.
- I was able to finish reading the book last night.
- Object trigger to perform the action of the verb unintentionally
- Nabasag ko ang salamin.compare it when used with the suffix -in
- I unintentionally broke the mirror.
- Binasag ko ang salamin.
- I broke the mirror on purpose.
- Class 6 simple noun prefix.
The prefix is attached to the subjunctive form of the verb, before the subject concord.