Translingual

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Symbol

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aka

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Akan.

English

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Preposition

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aka

  1. Alternative letter-case form of AKA

Anagrams

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Central Nahuatl

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Alternative forms

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Pronoun

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aka

  1. someone, somebody.

Coatepec Nahuatl

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Noun

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aka

  1. reed, cane.

Faroese

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Etymology

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From Old Norse aka (to move, to drive), from Proto-Germanic *akaną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eǵ-. Cognates include Latin agō (I drive), Ancient Greek ἄγω (ágō, to lead) and Sanskrit अजति (ajati, to drive, propel, cast).

Pronunciation

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Verb

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aka (third person singular past indicative ók, third person plural past indicative óku, supine ikið)

  1. to drive

Conjugation

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Conjugation of aka (group v-60)
infinitive aka
supine ikið
participle (a26)1 akandi ikin
present past
first singular aki ók
second singular ekur ók(st)
third singular ekur ók
plural aka óku
imperative
singular ak!
plural akið!
1Only the past participle being declined.

Hawaiian

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Etymology

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈa.ka/, [ˈɐ.kə]

Verb

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aka

  1. (stative) appearing, bright

Noun

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aka

  1. shadow

Iban

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /akaʔ/
  • Hyphenation: a‧ka

Noun

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aka

  1. older brother

Icelandic

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Etymology

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From Old Norse aka (to move, to drive), from Proto-Germanic *akaną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eǵ-. Cognates include Latin agō (I drive), Ancient Greek ἄγω (ágō, to lead) and Sanskrit अजति (ajati, to drive, propel, cast).

Pronunciation

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Verb

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aka (strong verb, third-person singular past indicative ók, third-person plural past indicative óku, supine ekið)

  1. (transitive, intransitive, governs dative) to drive (a vehicle)
    Aki maður gegn rauðu ljósi má hann eiga von á sekt.
    If a man drives against (i.e. past) a red light, he may expect a fine.
    aka bifreið er harla ólíkt því að aka hestvagni.
    Driving a motorcar is very different from driving a horse-drawn carriage.
  2. to move slightly, to budge

Conjugation

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Synonyms

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Derived terms

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Japanese

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Romanization

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aka

  1. Rōmaji transcription of あか
  2. Rōmaji transcription of アカ

Kikuyu

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Etymology 1

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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aka (infinitive gwaka)

  1. to build
Derived terms
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(Nouns)

(Proverbs)

Etymology 2

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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aka class 2

  1. plural of mũka

References

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  • Armstrong, Lilias E. (1940). The Phonetic and Tonal Structure of Kikuyu, p. 360. Rep. 1967. (Also in 2018 by Routledge).

Latvian

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 aka on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Aka

Etymology

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From Proto-Baltic *ak- (with an extra ), from Proto-Indo-European *okʷ-, from *h₃okʷ-, *h₃ekʷ- “eye”, whence also Latvian acs “eye”, (q.v.); in fact, aka is, historically speaking, a variant of acs. The semantic relation goes clearly via the similarity of a hole (from which one obtains water) to an eye. Initially probably used for “ice-hole” (like its Lithuanian cognate), and later “well.” Cognates (in addition to those listed under acs include Lithuanian akà, ãkas (ice-hole), Old Church Slavonic око (oko, eye) (gen. очесе (očese)), Russian poetic о́ко (óko), Bulgarian око́ (okó), Czech, Polish oko, Ancient Greek ὀπή (opḗ, hole, opening, cave; visiion).[1]

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [aka]
  • Audio:(file)

Noun

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aka f (4th declension)

  1. well (a hole in the ground, from which water can be obtained)
    artēziskā akaartesian well
    drenāžas akadrain well
    akas ūdenswell water
    akas vindawell winch
    akas grodiwell curb
    rakt akuto dig a well
    iet uz aku pēc ūdensto go to a well for (= to get) water
    tumšs kā akāas dark as in a well (= very dark)
    Līču pagalmā ir... dziļa un stipriem grodiem izbūvēta akain the backyard of the Līcis (family)... there is a deep well, built with a strong curb

Declension

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References

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  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992) “aka”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

Lavukaleve

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Conjunction

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aka

  1. then

Lote

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Noun

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aka

  1. canoe

References

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Maori

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Etymology

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From Proto-Eastern Polynesian *aka, from Proto-Nuclear Polynesian *aka, from Proto-Polynesian *aka (compare with Hawaiian aʻa), from Proto-Oceanic *(w)akaʀ, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *(w)akaʀ, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *(w)akaʀ, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(w)akaʀ (compare with Malay akar).

Noun

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aka

  1. root (of plant)

Norwegian Nynorsk

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Alternative forms

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  • ake (e-infinitive)

Etymology

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From Old Norse aka, from Proto-Germanic *akaną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éǵeti, from the root *h₂eǵ- (to drive). Doublet of åka.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /²aː.ka/, /²a.ka/

Verb

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aka (present tense ek or akar, past tense ok or aka, supine eke or aka, past participle eken or aka, present participle akande, imperative ak)

  1. to glide, slide slowly
  2. to glide on a sledge

References

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Okinawan

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Romanization

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aka

  1. Rōmaji transcription of あか

Old Norse

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Etymology

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From Proto-Germanic *akaną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éǵeti, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eǵ-. Cognates include Latin agō (I drive), Ancient Greek ἄγω (ágō, to lead) and Sanskrit अजति (ajati, to drive, propel, cast).

Pronunciation

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  • Hyphenation: ak‧a

Verb

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aka (singular past indicative ók, plural past indicative óku, past participle ekinn)

  1. To drive (e.g. a cart).

Conjugation

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Descendants

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  • Icelandic: aka
  • Faroese: aka
  • Norwegian:
  • Dalian: aka
  • Old Swedish: aka
  • Scanian: aga
  • Old Danish: akæ
  • Gutnish: ake
  • Scots: oag, hoag; aik
  • English: aik (Northern England, Scotland, rare)

References

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  • aka”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Old Swedish

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Old Norse aka (to move, to drive), from Proto-Germanic *akaną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eǵ-. Cognates include Latin agō (I drive), Ancient Greek ἄγω (ágō, to lead) and Sanskrit अजति (ajati, to drive, propel, cast).

Verb

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aka

  1. to drive

Conjugation

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Descendants

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Ometepec Nahuatl

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Noun

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aka

  1. reed

Polish

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Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology

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Borrowed from English AKA.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈa.ka/
  • Rhymes: -aka
  • Syllabification: a‧ka

Particle

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aka

  1. (with pseudonyms) AKA, alias
    Synonyms: alias, vel

Further reading

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  • aka in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • aka in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Pukapukan

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Etymology

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From Proto-Nuclear Polynesian *aka, from Proto-Polynesian *aka, from Proto-Oceanic *(w)akaʀ, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *(w)akaʀ, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *(w)akaʀ, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(w)akaʀ.

Noun

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aka

  1. root (of plant)

Quechua

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Noun

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aka

  1. feces, excrement

Declension

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See also

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Rapa Nui

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Etymology

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From Proto-Eastern Polynesian *aka. Cognates include Hawaiian aʻa and Maori aka.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈa.ka/
  • Hyphenation: a‧ka

Noun

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aka

  1. root (of plant)

References

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  • Veronica Du Feu (1996) Rapanui (Descriptive Grammars), Routledge, →ISBN, page 206

Rayón Zoque

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Noun

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aka

  1. shore

References

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  • Harrison, Roy, B. de Harrison, Margaret, López Juárez, Francisco, Ordoñes, Cosme (1984) Vocabulario zoque de Rayón (Serie de diccionarios y vocabularios indígenas Mariano Silva y Aceves; 28)‎[1] (in Spanish), México, D.F.: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, page 3

Sranan Tongo

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Dutch haak.

Noun

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aka

  1. hook

Etymology 2

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From English hawk.

Noun

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aka

  1. medium to large bird of prey; hawk, eagle, etc.

Taivoan

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Noun

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aka

  1. older brother or older sister.

Ternate

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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aka

  1. (transitive) to toss, throw

Conjugation

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Conjugation of aka
Singular Plural
Inclusive Exclusive
1st toaka foaka miaka
2nd noaka niaka
3rd Masculine oaka iaka, yoaka
Feminine moaka
Neuter iaka
- archaic

References

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  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Tokelauan

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈa.ka]
  • Hyphenation: a‧ka

Etymology 1

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From Proto-Polynesian *aka. Cognates include Hawaiian aʻa and Samoan a'a.

Noun

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aka

  1. root

Etymology 2

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From Proto-Polynesian *qaka. Cognates include Tuvaluan aka and Samoan a'a.

Noun

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aka

  1. heel
  2. kick

Verb

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aka (plural taaka)

  1. (intransitive) to kick
  2. (transitive) to kick
  3. (transitive) to back-heel
  4. (transitive, weaving) to weave (a skirt) by holding the weaving string on the foot

References

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  • R. Simona, editor (1986), Tokelau Dictionary[2], Auckland: Office of Tokelau Affairs, page 9

Tongan

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Etymology

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From Proto-Polynesian *aka, from Proto-Oceanic *(w)akaʀ, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *(w)akaʀ, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *(w)akaʀ, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(w)akaʀ.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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aka

  1. root (of plant)
  2. East Asian arrowroot (Pueraria montana var. lobata) [1]

References

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  1. ^ Churchward, C. M. (1959). Tongan Dictionary. London, Oxford University Press.

Torres Strait Creole

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Noun

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aka

  1. grandmother

Tsonga

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Etymology

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.) Cognate with Zulu -akha.

Verb

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-aka

  1. to build, to construct, to erect
  2. to inhabit
  3. to be ingrained

Inflection

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This verb needs an inflection-table template.

References

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(put reference template here)

Turkish

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Noun

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aka

  1. dative singular of ak

Uzbek

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Other scripts
Cyrillic ака (aka)
Latin aka
Perso-Arabic

Etymology

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From Proto-Turkic *(i)āka.

Noun

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aka (plural akalar)

  1. older brother

Declension

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Wauja

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Pronunciation

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Interjection

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aka

  1. ow, ouch (expressing pain, especially sharp pain, or pain at being struck)
    Aka! Tyenho hokota natu.
    Ouch! The knife cut me.
    Aka! Kaupai nutanaka!
    Ow! My back hurts!
    Aka! Ata onuka natu!
    Ouch! That branch hit me.
    Mainyataitsawi. Aka! Aka! Aka! umawi.
    They struck [him] repeatedly. Ow! Ow! Ow! [he] said.
  2. oh, oops (expressing startlement, embarrassment, surprise, or shock)
    Aka! Takata nuutsa.
    Oops! I dropped it.
    (literally, “[it] simply fell from me.”)
  3. oh, aah (expressing alarm, fright, shock or grief)
    Aka! Pityahoma! Talukene minya aitsu!
    Aah! Run fast, [or] they'll bite us!
    [Said when village dogs were chasing us.]
    Aka! Aminya!
    Oh! Don't [do that]! (Watch out!)

References

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  • E. Ireland field notes. Need to be checked by native speaker.

Ye'kwana

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Variant orthographies
ALIV aka
Brazilian standard aka
New Tribes aca

Alternative forms

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  • a'ka (Cunucunuma River dialect)

Etymology

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From Proto-Cariban *jaka. Synchronically as if suffixed with -ka (to, at). Compare Apalaí aka, Hixkaryana yaka, Macushi yapî', and Waiwai yaka.

Pronunciation

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Postposition

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aka

  1. (Caura River dialect and Brazil) at, in, on, to; indicates a specific location or goal at a non-aquatic object of class 1

Usage notes

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A possessed noun that is the object of this postposition does not take the possessed suffix -dü. The postposition can thus combine with nouns referring to body parts and parts of objects to form more complex postpositions/relational nouns.

See also

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References

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  • Cáceres, Natalia (2011) “aka”, in Grammaire Fonctionnelle-Typologique du Ye’kwana[3], Lyon, pages 267–272
  • Costa, Isabella Coutinho, Silva, Marcelo Costa da, Rodrigues, Edmilson Magalhães (2021) “aka”, in Portal Japiim: Dicionário Ye'kwana[4], Museu do Índio/FUNAI
  • Hall, Katherine Lee (1988) The morphosyntax of discourse in De'kwana Carib, volumes I and II, Saint Louis, Missouri: PhD Thesis, Washington University, page 296:a'ka 'in, at'
  • Hall, Katherine (2007) “aʔka”, in Mary Ritchie Key & Bernard Comrie, editors, The Intercontinental Dictionary Series[5], Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, published 2021

Yemsa

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Noun

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aka

  1. water
  2. river

References

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  • R. J. Hayward, Omotic Language Studies →ISBN, 2012), page 116
  • The Sound of Indo-european: Phonetics, Phonemics →ISBN, 2012), page 8: Omotic: (North) Yemsa aka id. (Appleyard 2006, 144)

Yoruba

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Etymology 1

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Proposed to be derived from Proto-Yoruboid *á-ká. Cognate with Igbo aka (arm/hand), Nupe ekpá (shoulder), Olukumi áká (shoulder, wing), Igala íká (wing), Itsekiri iká, possibly a Doublet of èjìká. The root is reconstructed to Proto-Niger-Congo *-ka (hand), where it is believed to have held the meaning "five." See Defaka ápá as well

Pronunciation

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Noun

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aká

  1. (Owe, Ekiti, Ondo) arm, branch
    Synonym: apá
Descendants
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Etymology 2

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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aká

  1. The plant Cynometra mannii in the genus Cynometra

Etymology 3

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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aká

  1. a crippled person
    Synonyms: amúkùn-ún, arọ, ẹlẹ́gbà

Etymology 4

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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àká

  1. a storage for farm produce, barn, root cellar
    Synonyms: abà, ahéré
Derived terms
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Zazaki

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Adverb

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aka

  1. so