ChineseEdit

the people; nationality; citizen
 
race; nationality; ethnicity
race; nationality; ethnicity; clan
simp. and trad.
(民族)
 
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EtymologyEdit

First attested in the 6th century C.E.:

諸華士女民族濫用翦落胡人不可 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
诸华士女民族滥用翦落胡人不可 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
From: The Book of Southern Qi, by Xiao Zixian, 6th century CE
Jīn zhūhuá shìnǚ, mínzú fú gé, ér lù shǒu piān jù, lànyòng yí lǐ, yún yú jiǎnluò zhī tú, quán shì húrén, guó yǒu jiù fēng, fǎ bùkě biàn. [Pinyin]
(please add an English translation of this example)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (4) (15)
Final () (43) (3)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/miɪn/ /d͡zuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/min/ /d͡zuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/mjen/ /d͡zuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/min/ /d͡zəwk̚/
Li
Rong
/miĕn/ /d͡zuk̚/
Wang
Li
/mĭĕn/ /d͡zuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯ĕn/ /d͡zʱuk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
mín
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
man4 zuk6

NounEdit

民族

  1. people; nation; nationality; ethnic group; minority (Classifier: )
    民族宗教  ―  mínzú zōngjiào  ―  ethnoreligious
    民族政治  ―  mínzú zhèngzhì  ―  ethnopolitical
    民族融合  ―  mínzú dà rónghé  ―  major ethnic assimilation
    民族區域自治區 / 民族区域自治区  ―  mínzú qūyù zìzhìqū  ―  ethnic autonomous regions
  2. Short for 少數民族少数民族 (shǎoshù mínzú, “ethnic minority”).

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (民族):
  • Japanese: 民族(みんぞく) (minzoku)
  • Korean: 민족 (民族, minjok)
  • Vietnamese: dân tộc (民族)

Others:

Proper nounEdit

民族

  1. (街道) Minzu (a subdistrict of Jianghan district, Wuhan, Hubei, China)

Further readingEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
みん
Grade: 4
ぞく
Grade: 3
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(みん)(ぞく) (minzoku

  1. people, race, ethnic group - people that have a common culture, common customs, etc.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1960, Tetsuo Hirayama (平山輝男, editor), 全国アクセント辞典 (Zenkoku Akusento Jiten, Nationwide Accent Dictionary), (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Tōkyōdō, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

民族 (minjok) (hangeul 민족)

  1. Hanja form? of 민족 (an ethnicity).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

民族

  1. Hán tự form of dân tộc (ethnic group, nationality, race).