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See also:
U+798D, 禍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-798D

[U+798C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+798E]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 113, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 戈火月月口 (IFBBR), four-corner 37227, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 844, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24766
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1265, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2402, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+798D

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l'oːl
*ɡ·roːl, *kʷroːl
*kloːl, *kloːls
*kloːl, *qloːl
*kloːl
*kloːl, *ɡloːls
*kloːl
*koːl, *kroːl, *kʷroːl
*kloːl
*kloːl, *qloːl
*kloːlʔ, *kloːls
*kʰloːl
*kʰloːl, *kr'oːl
*ɡloːlʔ
*qloːl
*qloːl
*kr'oːl
*kr'oːl
*kroːl, *kʷroːl
*kroːl, *kʷroːl
*kroːl, *kʷroːl
*kroːlʔ
*kroːlʔ
*qʰroːls, *qʰʷroːls
*kʷroːl
*kʰʷroːl
*kʰʷroːl

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡloːlʔ): semantic  (sacrifice) + phonetic  (OC *kʰʷroːl).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hǒ͘/hō - literary;
  • ě/ē - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xuo⁵¹/
Harbin /xuo⁵³/
Tianjin /xuo⁵³/
Jinan /xuə²¹/
Qingdao /xuə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xuo³¹²/
Xi'an /xuo⁴⁴/
Xining /xu²¹³/
Yinchuan /xuə¹³/
Lanzhou /xuə¹³/
Ürümqi /xuɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /xuo³⁵/
Chengdu /xo¹³/
Guiyang /xo²¹³/
Kunming /xo²¹²/
Nanjing /xo⁴⁴/
Hefei /xʊ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /xuɤ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /xuə³⁵/
Hohhot /xuɤ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ɦu²³/
Suzhou /ɦəu³¹/
Hangzhou /ɦo¹³/
Wenzhou /vu³⁵/
Hui Shexian /xo²²/
Tunxi /xo²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /xo⁵⁵/
/xo¹¹/
Xiangtan /ɦo²¹/
Gan Nanchang /fo²¹/
Hakka Meixian /fo⁵³/
Taoyuan /fo⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɔ²²/
Nanning /wɔ²²/
Hong Kong /wɔ²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ho²²/
/e²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huɔ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xua⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hua³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ho³³/
/hua³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (95)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuɑX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦuɑX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuɑX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwaX/
Li
Rong
/ɣuɑX/
Wang
Li
/ɣuɑX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuɑX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huò
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huò
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwaX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ʷˁajʔ/
English calamity

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4375
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡloːlʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. disaster; misfortune; calamity
    [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: Tao Te Ching, 4th century BCE
    huò xī fú zhī suǒ yǐ, fú xī huò zhī suǒ fú [Pinyin]
    Misery! - happiness is to be found by its side! Happiness! - misery lurks beneath it!
  2. to bring disaster upon

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. Calamity

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana わざわい, rōmaji wazawai)

  1. Alternative form of 災い

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hwa) (hangeul , revised hwa, McCune–Reischauer hwa, Yale hwa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hoạ, vạ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.