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See also:
U+8208, 興
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8208

[U+8207]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8209]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 134, +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 竹X月金 (HXBC), four-corner 77801, composition ⿳⿴𦥑)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1005, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30226
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1461, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 253, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8208

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰɯŋ, *qʰɯŋs
*qʰɯŋs
*qʰɯŋs

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (to raise) +  (together) – to hold up together.

Pronunciation 1Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 興 (旺)
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕiŋ²¹/
Jinan /ɕiŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /ɕiŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ɕiŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕiŋ²¹/
Xining /ɕiə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɕĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕin⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕin⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕĩ/
Nanjing /ɕin³¹/
Hefei /ɕin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ɕĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɕiŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /ɕin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕin³³/
Wenzhou /ɕaŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /ɕiʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /ɕin¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕin³³/
Xiangtan /ɕin³³/
Gan Nanchang /ɕin⁴²/ ~國縣
Hakka Meixian /hin⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /hin²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /heŋ⁵³/
Nanning /heŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /hiŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiŋ⁵⁵/
/hin⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hiŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xeiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /heŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /heŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (32)
Final () (133)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/hɨŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/xieŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hiŋ/
Li
Rong
/xiəŋ/
Wang
Li
/xĭəŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯əŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xīng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ xing ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰ(r)əŋ/
English lift, rise

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 13858
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰɯŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to rise; to get up
  2. to thrive; to prosper; to flourish
  3. prosperous; flourishing
  4. to be popular; to be fashionable
  5. to start; to build; to establish
  6. to elect; to promote
  7. to succeed; to achieve success
  8. to send; to dispatch; to launch; to mount
  9. to collect; to recruit
  10. to do; to perform
  11. to advocate; to encourage
  12. to indulge; to spoil
  13. (dialectal, usually in the negative) to allow; to permit
  14. maybe; perhaps
  15. A surname​.

DescendantsEdit

  • Thai: เฮง (heng) (via Teochew)

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Note: him - 興味.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 興 (高)
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /ɕiŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /ɕiŋ⁵³/
Jinan /ɕiŋ²¹/
Qingdao /ɕiŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ɕiŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /ɕiə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /ɕiŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕĩn¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕiŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕin⁴²/
Chengdu /ɕin¹³/
Guiyang /ɕin²¹³/
Kunming /ɕĩ¹/
Nanjing /ɕin⁴⁴/
Hefei /ɕin⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəŋ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ɕiŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /ɕĩŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ɕiŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /ɕin⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /ɕin⁴⁴⁵⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /ɕaŋ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /ɕiʌ̃³²⁴/
Tunxi /ɕin⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /ɕin⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ɕin⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /ɕin⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /hin⁵³/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /heŋ³³/
Nanning /heŋ³³/
Hong Kong /hiŋ³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiŋ²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hɛiŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xeiŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /heŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /heŋ³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (32)
Final () (133)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/hɨŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/xieŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hiŋH/
Li
Rong
/xiəŋH/
Wang
Li
/xĭəŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯əŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xìng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 13859
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰɯŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. excitement; interest; mood in doing something
    /   ―  gāoxìng  ―  happy [lit. high mood]
  2. sensual desire; sexual desire; passion
  3. (obsolete or Min) to like; to be fond of; to love
  4. to liken; to analogise
  5. (rhetoric) metaphor
  6. (poetry) association; speaking first of something else to lead up to the main theme

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. entertain
  2. revive
  3. retrieve
  4. interest
  5. pleasure

NounEdit

(hiragana きょう, rōmaji kyō)

  1. entertainment; pleasure; interest

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(heung) (hangeul , revised heung, McCune–Reischauer hŭng, Yale hung)

  1. thrive, prosper, flourish

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hưng, hăng, hên, hứng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.